Life form: shrub or small tree
Max height: 9 m (herbarium)
Max diameter: data unavailable
Leaf: alternate, simple, oblong to elliptic, notophyll
Inflorescence: axillary, not branched
Flower: small to medium-sized; funnel-shaped;
Fruit: fleshy (drupe), irregularly globose (0.75 x 1.8 cm), red, velvety; 1 seed Seed: large (1.5 x 0.6 x 0.6 cm), grooved Other: the slash exudes an orange exudate.
Continent: Upper Guinea endemic
Upper Guinea: Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote d'lvoire,
Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 39 30' cells, distribution range is 1055 km Forest type: evergreen (wet, moist, upland), moist semi-deciduous forest (herbarium, Hall & Swaine 1981). In Ghana, most often found in wet and upland evergreen forests (Hall & Swaine 1981).
Species occurrence increases with rainfall to reach a very wide optimum range between 1500-3500 mm/yr (logistic regression analysis, Chi2 test). Most often in lowlands (logistic regression analysis, Chi2 test), although, in Ghana, it is very frequently recorded in upland forests (Hall & Swaine 1981). It can be found in a wide variety of evergreen and semi-deciduous forests. Usually under shade, and very often along creeks or rivers. Soils can be sandy, loamy, clayish, or lateritic (herbarium). In Ghana, plot records are very significantly associated
with acidic, base-poor soils (Hall & Swaine 1981). In Côte d'lvoire, it is typical for coastal wet evergreen forests (Kasparek 2000).
It regenerates in shade (Hall & Swaine 1981).
Dispersal: probably by birds (De Koning 1983) Timing: flowering period from March to April; fruiting period from November to August (De Koning 1983)
Michaud (1966), Hall & Swaine (1981), De Koning (1983), Kasparek (2000), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)
Puelia olyriformis (Fianch.) Clayton Gramineae
Life form: erect herb
Max. height: 1.8 m (herbarium)
Max. diameter: data unavailable
Leaf: simple, linear, microphyll (2-7 x 15-35 cm), entire, herbaceous, smooth, glossy dark green
Inflorescence: terminal and drooping, branched
(panicle, up to 15 cm long)
Flower: pale green
Fruit: data unavailable
Seed: data unavailable
Other: the stem is slightly purplish. The leaves are only found on the top of the plant.
Continent: Cameroon (Van der Zon 1992), Gabon (herbarium), Tanzania (Van der Zon 1992) Upper Guinea: Senegal, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia (herbarium)
Distribution type: continental disjunct, in Upper
Guinea present in 4 30' cells
Forest type: rainforest, secondary forest
It is often found in deep shade in mature forest. It can be found along riverbanks or in hills and mountains (herbarium).
FWTA, Van der Zon (1992)
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