Ochnaceae

Description

It regenerates in shade (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Deciduousness: not clearly seasonal (Hall & Swaine 1981)

FWTA, Hall & Swaine (1981), Hawthorne (1995a)

Description

Guild: sb

Life form: small tree or shrub

Max. height: 10 m (herbarium)

Max. diameter: data unavailable

Leaf: alternate, simple, elongate-oblanceolate to elongate-obovate, mesophyll (6-8 x 20-32 cm), serrate, stiff coriaceous, with leaf base clasping stem and collecting debris there

Inflorescence: axillary, branched

Flower: medium-sized; bowl-shaped; calyx brown turning scarlet-red when older in fruit; corolla bright yellow

Fruit: fleshy, black on an enlarged red calyx Seed: medium-sized (0.8 x 0.5 x 0.4 cm) Other: it has aerial roots that sometimes penetrate the leaf litter, and may help with nutrition on the infertile evergreen forest soils (Hawthorne 1995a).

Distribution

Continent: Upper Guinea endemic

Upper Guinea: Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire,

Ghana

Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 11 30' cells, distribution range is 988 km, Red List species (vulnerable) Forest type: evergreen forest. In Ghana, it is mostly found in wet evergreen forests and scarcely in moist evergreen forests (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Habitat

Species occurrence increases sharply when rainfall reaches more than 2000 mm/yr (logistic regression analysis), and it is mostly found in places where rainfall is higher than 2500 mm/yr (Chi2 test). Usually, found in the understorey of mature forests (herbarium), often close to rivers (Chi2 test).

Regeneration

It regenerates in shade (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Phenology

Deciduousness: not clearly seasonal (Hall & Swaine 1981)

Data sources

FWTA, Hall & Swaine (1981), Hawthorne (1995a)

spp

n

Open (n) || Altitude

River

Coast

Mean Annual Rainfall

Soil CMK

Soil WHC

C.a.

16

>500m

<2km

<5km

D

M

W

VW

L

M

H

L

M

H

10 (10) 6

88

6

0

31

6

63

0

100

0

69

0

31

All

46333

37 4

39

7

37

29

24

10

6

69

25

36

13

39

Campylospermum subcordatum (Stapf) Engl.

Ochnaceae

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