Loganiaceae

Description

Distribution

It regenerates in primary forest (De Rouw 1991)

Dispersal: by animals (monkeys, elephants)

Description

Guild: np

Life form: large woody climber

Max. height: 40 m long (herbarium)

Max. diameter: 13 cm (herbarium)

Leaf: opposite, simple, elliptic, notophyll (2-7 x

3-13 cm), revolute, coriaceous, glabrous on both sides

Inflorescence: terminal or axillary, branched (panicle, up to 10 cm long, many flowered) Flower: small (corolla 0.3 cm long); calyx greenish white; corolla greenish white, 5-merous Fruit: fleshy, disk-shaped (2 x 1.5 cm), orange, slimy pulp; 1 seed

Seed: elliptic, large (1.7 x 1.1 x 0.5 cm), white with thick very short erect hairs Other: it starts as a scandent shrub. The branches are lenticellate.

Distribution

Continent: Upper Guinea endemic Upper Guinea: Guinea, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 15 30' cells, distribution range is 1399 km Forest type: rainforest, coastal forest, mangroves, secondary forest

Habitat

The species is more abundant in lowlands (logistic regression analysis, Chi2 test), and in places where rainfall reaches 1500-2000 mm/yr (Chi2 test). It is usually found near the coast (Chi2 test) or near rivers (Chi2 test). Sometimes in swampy places. Often on white sand or on (at the edge of) granite rocks (herbarium).

Regeneration

It regenerates in primary forest (De Rouw 1991)

Phenology

Dispersal: by animals (monkeys, elephants)

Data sources

FWTA, Leeuwenberg (1969), De Rouw (1991)

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