Guild: np

Life form: large woody climber

Max. height: 100 m long (herbarium)

Max. diameter: 10 cm (herbarium)

Leaf: opposite, simple, elliptic, microphyll (1-5 x

2-14 cm), entire, herbaceous, smooth

Inflorescence: axillary or terminal, unbranched (up to 1.5 cm long)

Flower: small; calyx pale green with almost whitish margin; corolla white, hairs inside, 5-merous; fragrant

Fruit: fleshy, globose (2.5 cm in diameter), orange; 2-10 seeds

Seed: irregularly ovate, flattened, large (1.3 x 0.9 x 0.5 cm), brown

Other: it starts as a straggling shrub and climbs with paired hook-like tendrils. It has pale and conspicuous lenticels.


Continent: Benin, Nigeria (Hall & Swaine 1981) Upper Guinea: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo

Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 47 30' cells, distribution range is 2071 km Forest type: wet evergreen forest, moist evergreen forest, moist semi-deciduous and dry semi-deciduous forest, secondary forest, thickets. In Ghana, it is common in a wide variety of forest types (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Frequently, found in moist places (e.g. along creeks, and riverbanks), but also reported in dry thickets on hillsides and along roads. In both mature and secondary forests. On sandy, clayish, rocky and lateritic soils (herbarium).


It has a phanerocotylar epigeal foliaceous seedling type (cf. De Koning 1983), and regenerates in the shade (Hall & Swaine 1981).


Dispersal: by animals (monkeys, elephants) Timing: flowering period from December to April; fruiting period in December (De Koning 1983)

Data sources

Leeuwenberg (1969), Hall & Swaine (1981), De Koning (1983)




Mean Annual Rainfall

Soil CMK

Soil WHC





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