Leguminosae Caes



Guild: np

Life form: medium-sized tree

Max. height: 30 m (herbarium)

Max. diameter: 50 cm (herbarium)

Leaf: opposite, paripinnately compound, 6-10

leaflets, shiny above, mat or glaucous below, often with many glands along the lamina; leaflets have twisted petiolules

Inflorescence: unbranched (spike) stout, partly draped by 0.4 cm long, reflexed bracts after the flower has fallen

Flower: calyx green; corolla red

Fruit: dry dehiscent (5 x 7 cm), woody

Seed: very large, hard, black with red waxy arils

Other: it has buttresses.


Continent: Upper Guinea endemic

Upper Guinea: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire

Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 18 30' cells, distribution range is 1031 km Forest type: wet evergreen forest, savanna, gallery forest, coastal shrubland, secondary forest

Species occurrence increases significantly when rainfall is higher than 2000 mm/yr to reach an optimum around 3100 mm/yr (logistic regression analysis, Chi2 test). It can be found in a wide range of habitats. It occurs in mature forest, but also in secondary forest, coastal thickets, and roadsides. Mostly at the coast but also occasionally in mountains. Often near water (along river borders and in swampy areas). It seems to be mostly a riverine or sea-side tree (Hawthorne & Jongkind 2004). Usually on rocky or gravelly soils (herbarium).


Dispersal: probably by animals

Data sources

Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

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