Leguminosae Caes

Regeneration

Guild: np

Life form: medium-sized tree Max. height: 30 m (Voorhoeve 1965) Max. diameter: 100 cm (Voorhoeve 1965) Leaf: alternate, paripinnately compound, 6-12 leaflets, narrowly oblong, microphyll (0.4-1.8 x 0.8-5 cm), entire, fairly coriaceous, rachis slightly winged with few or no hairs; stipules small, persistent Inflorescence: axillary or terminal, branched, pale brown, tomentose

Flower: small; corolla white; fragrant

Fruit: dry dehiscent (pod), flat (7 x 3 cm), woody;

1-2 seeds

Seed: very large

Other: the tree is usually forked at a low height, with a spreading, dense crown. The stem is buttressed, and has a pale grey-brown and smooth bark. The twigs are lenticellate, with brown hairs on young parts only.

Distribution

Continent: Upper Guinea endemic Upper Guinea: Sierra Leone, Liberia Distribution type: continuous, local, present in 8 30' cells, distribution range is 231 km Forest type: rainforest, secondary forest

Habitat

It is very common and typical of riverbanks, where it may be dominant with Monopetalanthus pteridophyllus (Voorhoeve 1965). Cynometra is an associate of Heritiera utilis on the well-drained soils of Gola West in Sierra Leone, where the species dominate the upper canopy (Savill & Fox 1967).

It has a phanerocotylar epigeal reserve seedling type (cf. Voorhoeve 1965). Seedlings are common in the forest (Voorhoeve 1965), but experience a high mortality in dense shade (Savill & Fox 1967).

Phenology

Deciduousness: briefly deciduous (Savill & Fox 1967)

Dispersal: explosive pods eject the seeds up to 30 m from the mother tree. Young pods are eaten by monkeys and squirrels (Savill & Fox 1967). Timing: flowering period from March to May (Savill & Fox 1967); fruiting period from April to June (Savill & Fox 1967)

Data sources

Voorhoeve (1965), Savill & Fox (1967), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

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