Leguminosae Caes

Guild: sb

Life form: medium-sized tree

Max. height: 20 m (herbarium)

Max. diameter: data unavailable

Leaf: paripinnately compound, 8-14 opposite leaflets, nanophyll (1 x 2 cm), youngest twigs with leafy stipules at nodes when flushing and with brown hairs, but soon glabrous

Inflorescence: axillary, unbranched (raceme, approx. 3 cm long)

Flower: small; corolla pink and white

Fruit: dry dehiscent (pod), almost triangular, flat-

ended (5 cm long), explosive

Seed: large

Other: the slash is rather fibrous and peelable, reddish with orange-brown inner bark. It is not ectomycorrhizal.

Distribution

Continent: Upper Guinea endemic Upper Guinea: Ghana

Distribution type: continuous, local, present in 6 30' cells, distribution range is 199 km. It is confined to eastern Ghana. This is a very rare, albeit gregarious, species on the edge of extinction, and Ghana's greatest conservation priority (Hall & Swaine 1981). The record for Cameroon (e.g. Lock 1989) seems to be an error, as no specimen like this has been seen from Cameroon at Kew. It would not be surprising to find isolated pockets of this species in dry, rocky forest remnants in the Guinea sub-region, however, but this would not be likely to alter its threatened status (Hawthorne 1995a). Forest type: found in dry evergreen forests along the Afram or Volta basins (Hawthorne & Jongkind 2004), often forming a belt between savanna and deciduous forests. Found in Southern Marginal and Southeast outlier forest types (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Habitat

It is found in dry and rocky forest.

Regeneration

It regenerates in shade. It is a gregarious species that often forms monospecific stands in which most of the understorey consists of young plants of Talbotiella (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Phenology

Deciduousness: evergreen Dispersal: explosive

Data sources

FWTA, Hall & Swaine (1981), Lock (1989), Hawthorne (1995a), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

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