Leguminosae Caes

Description

Guild: u

Life form: medium-sized to large tree

Max. height: 33 m (herbarium)

Max. diameter: 95 cm (herbarium)

Leaf: opposite, paripinnately compound, 8-14

leaflets, elliptic, notophyll (2.5-5 x 6-15 cm), entire with glandular notches, short hairs on midrib and twigs, sometimes with remarkable leafy stipules

Inflorescence: axillary, branched

Flower: medium-sized; bracts pink; petals white to yellow

Fruit: dry dehiscent, in pairs, flat with 2-3 ridges (6.5 x 28 cm), velvety, 3-4 seeds Seed: very large

Other: the bark is flaky, the slash hard and pink.

Distribution

Continent: Upper Guinea endemic

Upper Guinea: Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire,

Ghana

Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 14 30' cells, distribution range is 1323 km, Red List species (Vulnerable)

Forest type: wet evergreen forest. It is gregarious in some parts of Sierra Leone (herbarium), but very rare in Ghana. There, it is occasionally found along rivers in the evergreen forest zone (Hawthorne 1995a).

Phenology

Deciduousness: deciduous

Deciduousness: deciduous

Data sources

FWTA, Savill & Fox (1967), Lock (1989), Hawthorne (1995a), IUCN Red List (2000), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

Habitat

It is mostly found where rainfall is higher than 2500 mm/yr (Chi2 test). Generally, along rivers and in moist sites of wet evergreen forests (Savill & Fox 1967). In Ghana, usually along rivers and swamps (herbarium, Hawthorne & Jongkind 2004).

Gilbertiodendron limba (Scott-Elliot) J.Léonard Leguminosae-Caes.

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