Habitat

Species occurrence is higher where rainfall is between 1500-2000 mm/yr (Chi2 test), and in the lowlands (logistic regression analysis). It has been classified as a shade bearer (Hawthorne 1995a) although most herbarium records are from disturbed places (e.g. forest borders, secondary bushes and along roadsides). Frequently at wet places (e.g. riversides or swamp edges). On sandy, sandy clay, rocky, and lateritic soils (herbarium).

Phenology

Dispersal: explosive pods (Hall & Swaine 1981) Timing: not clearly seasonal (Hall & Swaine 1981)

Data sources

FWTA, Hall & Swaine (1981), Lock (1989), Hawthorne (1995a)

places (e.g. riversides or swamp edges). On sandy, sandy clay, rocky, and lateritic soils (herbarium).

Phenology

Dispersal: explosive pods (Hall & Swaine 1981) Timing: not clearly seasonal (Hall & Swaine 1981)

Data sources

FWTA, Hall & Swaine (1981), Lock (1989), Hawthorne (1995a)

Bertiera spicata

(P.Gaertn.) Wernham

Rubiaceae

Guild: np

Life form: shrub

Max. height: 5 m (herbarium)

Max. diameter: data unavailable

Leaf: opposite, simple, ovate to oblong, mesophyll

(4-9.5 x 11-27 cm), entire, coriaceous, brown hairy on both sides; interpetiolar stipules

Inflorescence: terminal, unbranched (raceme) (up to 20 cm long), with sessile or subsessile cluster of crowded flowers

Flower: small (corolla tube 0.1 cm across); 5-merous; calyx green; corolla tube green, lobes white

Fruit: fleshy, globose (0.5 cm in diameter), brown; many seeds

Seed: small (0.1 x 0.1 cm) Other: it has hairy twigs and petioles.

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