Ebenaceae

Guild: sb

Life form: shrub or pigmy tree

Max. height: 5 m (herbarium)

Max. diameter: data unavailable

Leaf: opposite, simple, oblong, mesophyll (6-11 x

14-27 cm), entire, herbaceous

Inflorescence: axillary, solitary

Flower: medium-sized; calyx brown velvet; corolla white, dish-shaped, dioecious

Fruit: fleshy (berry) (2.5 x 4.2 cm), orange with orange hairs; few seeds surrounded by pulp

Seed: strongly angular, very large (0.7 x 3 cm), brown

Other: branching in whorls, with densely pubescent twigs.

Distribution

Continent: Upper Guinea endemic

Upper Guinea: Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire,

Ghana

Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 25 30' cells, distribution range is 1076 km Forest type: wet evergreen forest, moist evergreen forest, coastal forest, secondary forest. In Ghana, most abundant in wet evergreen forests (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Habitat

Species occurrence increases significantly with rainfall to reach an optimum around 2500 mm/yr (logistic regression analysis). The species occurs mainly at lower altitudes (logistic regression analysis). It is frequently found in the understorey of dense mature forests, but it occurs in secondary forests as well. On clayish or lateritic soils.

Regeneration

It regenerates in the shade (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Phenology

Dispersal: probably by animals

Data sources

FWTA, White (1978), Hall à Swaine (1981), Hawthorne à Jongkind (2004)

Diospyros cooperi (Hutch. & Dalziel) F.White

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