Guild: sb

Life form: small to medium-sized tree

Max. height: 13 m (herbarium)

Max. diameter: 15 cm (herbarium)

Leaf: alternate, simple, ovate, mesophyll (4.5 x 11

cm), entire, herbaceous

Inflorescence: unbranched, 1-4 flowered, dioecious with unisexual flowers

Flower: medium-sized; calyx green; corolla pale yellow, dish with tube

Fruit: fleshy (berry), globose (approx. 1.5 cm in diameter), orange; 6-8 seeds Seed: large

Other: it has a dark bark, branching in whorls. The slash is reddish.


Continent: Upper Guinea endemic

Upper Guinea: Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire,


Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 24 30' cells, distribution range is 1126 km Forest type: rainforest, moist evergreen forest, moist semi-deciduous forest, secondary forest. In Ghana, mostly in moist evergreen forest and only very scarcely present in moist semi-deciduous forest (Hall & Swaine 1981).


Species occurrence increases significantly with rainfall (logistic regression analysis, Chi2 test). It occurs mainly in the shaded understorey of mature evergreen forests, and only occasionally in secondary forests. Often near streams and rivers (herbarium).


It regenerates in the shade (Hall & Swaine 1981).


Dispersal: probably by animals kn


J 4 9 A % 1 J

P U ■ U J





White (1978), Hall & Swaine (1981), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

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