Dracaenaceae

Guild: sb

Life form: shrub

Max. height: 5 m (herbarium)

Max. diameter: less than 2 cm

Leaf: alternate, simple, obovate, mesophyll (2-9 x

8-28 cm), entire, coriaceous; pseudopetiole

Inflorescence: terminal, not branched, approx. 5

cm long with crowded flowers; stems often clad in sheathing prophylls leaving angular scars

Flower: large; creamy-white; fragrant

Fruit: fleshy, subglobose (2 cm in diameter), orange, with orange pulp; 1-3 seeds

cm), white

Other: the stem is terminated by a pseudowhorl of leaves.

Distribution

Continent: Nigeria, Cameroon (Bos 1984) Upper Guinea: Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana (herbarium, Bos 1984) Distribution type: continental disjunct, in Upper Guinea present in 31 30' cells. The species has a remarkable disjunct distribution, with only three collections found at the border between Nigeria and Cameroon (Bos 1984).

Forest type: wet evergreen forests, mature forest, secondary forest

Habitat

Species occurrence decreases with altitude (logistic regression analysis, Chi2 test). It increases with annual rainfall, to reach an optimum at 2500 mm/yr (logistic regression analysis, Chi2 test). It is frequently found near streams, rivers, or lakes (herbarium). On sandy, clayish, rocky, and lateritic soils (herbarium)

Phenology

Deciduousness: evergreen Dispersal: probably by animals Timing: it does not appear to have a fixed flowering period

Deciduousness: evergreen Dispersal: probably by animals Timing: it does not appear to have a fixed flowering period

Data sources

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