Guild: sb

Life form: perennial herb Max. height: 0.8 m (Bos 1984) Max. diameter: less than 1 cm Leaf: alternate, most leaves arising close to the base, simple, ovate to lanceolate, mesophyll (6-10 x 15-25 cm), entire, coriaceous, dark green with light green transversely oriented oval dots; long petiole Inflorescence: terminal, branched, in clusters of many flowers

Flower: medium-sized; white, narrowly funnel-shaped

Fruit: fleshy (berry), flattened (1.5 cm in diameter), 3-lobed, orange to red, with an orange pulp Seed: medium-sized (0.8 x 0.7 x 0.4 cm), brown Other: the plant is unbranched and almost stemless. It has orange roots.



Continent: Nigeria (Bos 1984), Cameroon,

Equatorial Guinea (herbarium), Fernando Po (Bos,

1984), Gabon (herbarium)

Upper Guinea: Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana


Distribution type: continuous, widespread, in Upper Guinea the species is present in 21 30' cells, distribution range is 2468 km Forest type: wet evergreen forest, moist evergreen forest, moist semi-deciduous forest, dry semi-deciduous forest, riverine forest

It is only known from undisturbed forest sites, where it grows terrestrial in the undergrowth (Bos, pers. comm.). Mainly in moist forests where rainfall is around 1500-2000 mm/yr (Chi2 test). Generally in wet shady places in the forest understorey (e.g. near streams and rivers). On soils with a large water holding capacity (logistic regression analysis, Chi2 test).


Deciduousness: evergreen

Timing: it appears not to have a fixed flowering period

Deciduousness: evergreen

Timing: it appears not to have a fixed flowering period

Data sources

Dry Riverine Evergreen Forest Dref

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