Dichapetalum albidum AChev ex Pellegr Dichapetalaceae

Dichapetalaceae

Description

Guild: np

Life form: large winding woody climber Max. height: 20 m long (herbarium) Max. diameter: 5 cm (Breteler 1973) Leaf: alternate, simple, elliptic to obovate, notophyll (2-6 x 5-16 cm), entire, herbaceous, dark green above, whitish beneath; with stipules Inflorescence: axillary, branched, small Flower: small; creamy; calyx hairy, the sepals are outside somewhat purplish; 5 petals, bilobed Fruit: fleshy, globose (1.5 cm in diameter), with mealy mesocarp, yellow to orange; up to 3 seeds Seed: obovoid, medium-sized (0.7 x 0.5 cm), brown

Other: in the first stage, it grows as a shrub. The bark is whitish. It is usually confused with D. pallidum.

Distribution

Continent: Upper Guinea endemic Upper Guinea: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire (Breteler 1973), Ghana (herbarium) Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 20 30' cells, distribution range is 1475 km Forest type: montane forest, rainforest, semi-deciduous forest, gallery forest, secondary forest

Habitat

Species occurrence strongly increases with altitude (logistic regression analysis, Chi2 test), and is higher where rainfall is over 2000 mm/yr (Chi2 test). Often in rather humid places (e.g. near rivers or on marshy soil). On sandy clayish soils (herbarium).

Regeneration

It has a cryptocotylar hypogeal reserve seedling type (cf. Breteler 1973).

Phenology

Dispersal: most probably by birds

Dispersal: most probably by birds

Data sources

Breteler (1973), Hall & Swaine (1981)

Dichapetalum
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