Dichapetalaceae

Guild: np

Life form: medium-sized tree or shrub

Max. height: 17 m (herbarium)

Max. diameter: 14 cm (herbarium)

Leaf: alternate, simple, elliptic, mesophyll (3-8 x

7-17 cm), entire, coriaceous, with 2 large glands at base lower surface

Inflorescence: axillary, bowl-shaped, branched Flower: small; corolla white to creamy or light yellow, 5-merous, petals retuse to bilobed Fruit: fleshy, subglobose (2.5 cm in diameter), strongly tuberculate, yellow; 1 seed Seed: ellipsoid, large (1.5 x 1 cm), brown Other: a hardwood species with a dense bushy crown. The branchlets are hairy when young, later on purple, with many lenticels.

Distribution

Continent: Benin, Nigeria, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo (Brazzaville) Upper Guinea: Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana Distribution type: continuous, widespread, in Upper Guinea present in 3 30' cells, distribution range is 3703 km

Forest type: rainforest, dry semi-deciduous forest, dry forest, secondary forest, gallery forest, coastal shrubland and thickets. The species occurs in very dry forests, especially near the coast and savanna (Hawthorne & Jongkind 2004). In Ghana, it is mostly found in the southern marginal outlier forest (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Habitat

Often growing as a shrub at the coast, roadsides, or thicket transition woodland, but sometimes also as undergrowth of dense forests such as gallery forests or rainforest (at the drier range). On slopes and old streambeds. Usually found on sandy soils (herbarium).

Regeneration

It has a cryptocotylar hypogeal reserve seedling type (cf. Breteler 1973) and regenerates in shade (Hall & Swaine 1981) but occurs also in thickets and secondary forest (herbarium).

Phenology

Dispersal: probably by animals

Timing: flowering is not clearly seasonal (Hall &

Swaine 1981)

Uses

The leaves are toxic to goats (Nwude et al. 1977). The toxic compounds have potential use as insecticides.

Data sources

FWTA, Breteler (1973), Nwude et al. (1977), Hall & Swaine (1981), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

spp

n

Open (n)

1 Altitude

River

Coast

Mean Annual Rainfall

Soil CMK

Soil WHC

>500m

<2km

<5km

D

M

W

VW

L

M

H

L

M

H

D.b.

9

86 (7)

0

11

56

100

0

0

0

0

78

22

0

0

100

All

1146333

37

4

39

7

37

29

24

10

6

69

25

36

13

39

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