Guild: u

Life form: medium-sized tree Max. height: 20 m (Breteler 1986) Max. diameter: 45 cm (Breteler 1986) Leaf: alternate, simple, elliptic, notophyll (1-7 x

2-16 cm), entire, herbaceous Inflorescence: axillary, umbel (very distinctive as if growing from the apex of the leaf stalk in clusters of about 1.2 cm across)

Flower: small (0.2-0.5 cm long); corolla white,

2 petals; somewhat fragrant

Fruit: dehiscent, ovoid (approx. 0.4 cm long),

3-lobed, densely hairy; 1-3 seeds

Seed: medium-sized (0.4 x 0.15 cm), brown Other: a small, well-branched tree with a grey and rough bole. The branches grow horizontal or drooping.


Continent: Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo (Brazzaville), Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan, Ethopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa (Breteler 1986) Upper Guinea: Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana (herbarium, Breteler 1986)

Distribution type: continuous, widespread, in Upper Guinea present in 7 30' cells Forest type: semi-deciduous forest, deciduous forest, dry forest, savanna, gallery forest


In Ethopia, it is found in riverine forest, usually in clearings and on clayey soils (Carr 1998).


In a study of the effects of fire in Asukese and other Ghanaian forest reserves, regeneration of this species was found to thrive in burnt forest (Hawthorne 1994).


Data sources

FWTA, Breteler (1986), Keay (1989), Hawthorne (1990, 1994, 1995a), Carr (1998), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)




Mean Annual Rainfall

Soil CMK

Soil WHC




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