Guild: np

Life form: small winding woody climber

Max. height: 2 m long (herbarium)

Max. diameter: 2 cm (herbarium)

Leaf: alternate, simple, elliptic, notophyll (2-5 x

4-15 cm), entire, herbaceous, glabrous; glands conspicuous or absent; stipules 1-4 mm long, falling off soon

Inflorescence: axillary, branched (cyme, up to 20 flowers)

Flower: small; calyx grey to bright green, hairy; corolla white to yellowish, glabrous; slightly perfumed

Fruit: fleshy, obovoid (2.3 x 3.3 cm), yellow to orange, glabrous; 1-2 seeds Seed: ovoid, large (1.3 x 1.8 cm), brown Other: when young it occurs in the form of a shrub. The bark is dark brown-reddish with creamy or brown lenticels, peeling off.


Continent: Upper Guinea endemic

Upper Guinea: Côte d'Ivoire (herbarium, Breteler


Distribution type: continuous, very local, present in 1 30' cell, distribution range is 11 km Forest type: rainforest, secondary forest, swamp forest


In the forest it is locally abundant. Usually on sandy soil (herbarium).


It has a cryptocotylar hypogeal reserve seedling type (cf. De Koning 1983) and can regenerate abundantly (herbarium).


Dispersal: probably by animals Timing: flowering period from July to March; fruiting period from October to April (De Koning 1983)

Data sources

Breteler (1978), De Koning (1983), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)





Mean Annual Rainfall

Soil CMK

Soil WHC





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