Life form: large tree
Max. height: 40 m (Voorhoeve 1965)
Max. diameter: 120 cm (Voorhoeve 1965)
Leaf: alternate, simple, ovate to elliptic, notophyll
(2.8-8 x 6-15 cm), slightly undulate, coriaceous, glossy above, glabrous, leaves of seedlings, saplings and young trees very different: narrowly elliptic, -ovate or -oblong (up to 12 x 40 cm);
stipules up to 15 cm long
Inflorescence: axillary or terminal, branched
Flower: small; corolla mauve to purple Fruit: fleshy (drupe) (4 x 6.5 cm), green to purplish black; 4-5 seeds Seed: a woody nut
Other: an emergent tree with a wide, but domed, dense crown. Large trees often have very extensive plank buttresses. Young trees have short, 3-5 cm long sharp spines on bole and buttresses. The leaf flush is brilliant red. Wood density is 1.07 g/cm3.
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