Data sources

Taylor (1960), Voorhoeve (1965), Hall & Swaine (1981), Hawthorne (1995a)

Daniellia thurifera

Leguminosae-Caes.

Benn.

Description

Guild: pi

Life form: large tree

Max. height: 45 m (Voorhoeve 1965)

Max. diameter: 120 cm (Voorhoeve 1965)

Leaf: alternate, paripinnately compound, 11-19

leaflets, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, microphyll

Inflorescence: panicle

Flower: medium-sized; corolla red; fragrant

Fruit: dry dehiscent, elliptic to ovate (7 cm long);

1 seed

Seed: very large

Other: it has conspicuous ripple marks in the sapwood. Very similar to D. ogea. It has bark with large, horizontal lenticels. The leaves are bright red when flushing. Wood density is 0.55 g/cm3.

Distribution

Continent: Upper Guinea endemic (Hall & Swaine 1981)

Upper Guinea: Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana (Hall & Swaine 1981)

Forest type: wet evergreen forest, moist evergreen forest, moist semi-deciduous forest, secondary forest (Savill & Fox 1967, Hall & Swaine 1981)

Habitat

Daniellia spp. are found as a group over a wide range of rainfall conditions, and attain their maximal abundance around 2300 mm/yr. Their abundance decreases sharply with soil fertility (regression analysis).

It has a phanerocotylar epigeal reserve seedling type (De Koning 1983). It regenerates in shade and small gaps (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Phenology

Deciduousness: deciduous in October to November (Savill & Fox 1967) Dispersal: by wind (Voorhoeve 1965) Timing: flowering period from October to December (De Koning 1983); fruiting period from March to April (Savill & Fox 1967

Uses

A timber species (Savill & Fox 1967).

Data sources

FWTA, Taylor (1960), Savill & Fox (1967), Voorhoeve (1965), Hall & Swaine (1981), De Koning (1983)

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