Combretaceae

Guild: pi

Life form: large winding woody climber

Max. height: 10 m long (herbarium)

Max. diameter: data unavailable

Leaf: opposite, simple, oblong to elliptic, mesophyll

(2-9 x 5-18 cm), entire, herbaceous, softly pubescent beneath, veins prominent beneath; long hook-like base of petiole

Inflorescence: axillary, branched, globose head

(1 cm in diameter)

Flower: small; whitish; fragrant

Fruit: dry indehiscent, round (approx. 2 cm in diameter), pale brown, 5-winged; 1 seed

Seed: data unavailable

Other: when young found as a scandent shrub. The twigs and petioles are pubescent. In the flowering season, there are abundant whitish leaves surrounding the inflorescences.

Distribution

Continent: Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon

Upper Guinea: Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo,

Benin

Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 29 30' cells, distribution range is 2345 km Forest type: high forest, dry forest, savanna woodland, secondary forest, thickets

Habitat

Species occurrence is highest at places where rainfall is around 1000 mm/yr and decreases strongly with increasing rainfall (logistic regression analysis and Chi2 test). It is found almost exclusively in disturbed areas, such as roadside thickets, cultivated fields, and secondary vegetation. Usually on rocky soils (herbarium).

Dispersal: by wind

Dispersal: by wind

Diagram Combretaceae

spp

n

Open (n) || Altitude

River

Coast

Mean Annual Rainfall

Soil CMK

Soil WHC

C.z.

47

>500m

<2km

<5km

D

M

W

VW

L

M

H

L

M

H

75 (12) 0

30

2

81

19

0

0

0

38

62

26

6

47

All

46333

37 HI 4

39

7

37

29

24

10

6

69

25

36

13

39

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