Capparaceae

Description

Guild: sb

Life form: pigmy tree

Max. height: 3 m (Hawthorne & Jongkind 2004) Max. diameter: data unavailable Leaf: alternate, digitately compound, 3 leaflets, obovate, mesophyll (5-9 x 8-29 cm), herbaceous, upper and lower side glossy and with a purple midrib Inflorescence: not branched Flower: medium-sized; yellow-green, pale purple at the base

Fruit: fleshy dehiscent (up to 1 x 30 cm), orange Seed: ellipsoid, medium-sized (0.5 x 1.0 cm) Other: an unbranched stem. The species is easily confused with E. trifoliolata, however, E. eminens can be distinguished based on its subsessile folioles (De Koning 1983).

Distribution

Continent: Gabon (herbarium), but according to Hall & Swaine (1981) an Upper Guinea endemic Upper Guinea: Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire,

Ghana

Distribution type: continental disjunct with a small population in Lower Guinea, in Upper Guinea present in 13 30' cells

Forest type: moist evergreen, moist semi-deciduous, dry semi-deciduous, secondary forest (herbarium). In Ghana, most common in moist evergreen and moist semi-deciduous forests (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Habitat

Species occurrence tends to increase slightly with rainfall (logistic regression analysis) but the species is found mainly in moist to dry forests. It can be found in the understorey of dense shady forests. Usually on sandy soils. It is occasionally found at the coast (herbarium).

Regeneration

It regenerates in shade (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Phenology

Deciduousness: deciduous (herbarium)

Data sources

FWTA, Hall & Swaine (1981), De Koning (1983), Hawthorne (1995a), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

Altitude

River

Coast

Mean Annual Rainfall

Soil CMK

Soil WHC

>500m

<2km

<5km

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