Guild: pi

Life form: large winding woody climber Max. height: 8 m high, 30 m long (De Koning 1983, herbarium)

Max. diameter: 2 cm or more (Van der Ploeg 1983) Leaf: opposite, simple, oblong to obovate, notophyll (2.3-5 x 4-12 cm), entire, coriaceous, pubescent on both sides, especially on the main veins; petiole short and pubescent Inflorescence: terminal (occasionally axillary), branched (6-28 cm long) Flower: medium-sized (corolla 1.2-1.8 cm, tube 0.7-1.1 cm); corolla 5-merous, pubescent; lobes inside red-brown to red-pink and with four yellow longitudinal stripes, outside mainly at the base yellowish and pubescent; reddish pedicels Fruit: dry dehiscent, double horn-shaped (0.7 x 16 cm), pubescent, brown; many seeds Seed: very large (0.8-2.2 cm long), plumed, hairs simple

Other: it occurs in the form of a shrub when young. It has a smooth dark red-brown bark on older stems. The twigs are dull green-brown, with coarse rusty hairs. The bark has white lenticels and the slash exudes a scarce white latex.


Continent: Upper Guinea endemic Upper Guinea: Senegal, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 39 30' cells, distribution range is 1764 km Forest type: coastal forest, gallery forest, swamp forest, savanna-woodland, secondary forest


Species occurrence increases significantly with rainfall higher than 2000 mm/yr to reach an optimum around 3000 mm/yr (logistic regression analysis). It is more often found in coastal ranges and close to rivers (Chi2 test). Frequently climbing in open (e.g. along roadsides and fringing forest) and moist to swampy places (e.g. edge of mangrove swamps, creeks, rivers, and lagoons). Often found on sandy soils, but also on clay and lateritic soils (herbarium).


Dispersal: probably by wind

Timing: flowering during the whole year (Van der

Ploeg 1983)

The young leaves are used as a vegetable in Sierra Leone (Van der Ploeg 1983).

FWTA, De Koning (1983), Van der Ploeg (1983)

The young leaves are used as a vegetable in Sierra Leone (Van der Ploeg 1983).

Data sources

FWTA, De Koning (1983), Van der Ploeg (1983)

Ixora hiernii Scott-Elliot

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