Guild: np

Life form: large winding woody climber Max. height: 30 m long (herbarium) Max. diameter: 2 cm (Hawthorne & Jongkind 2004)

Leaf: opposite, simple, elliptic to oblong, notophyll (2-6 x 5-17 cm), entire, herbaceous to coriaceous Inflorescence: axillary and terminal Flower: small (approx. 0.3 cm long); dish-shaped with tube; corolla creamy-orange in bud, creamy at anthesis; fragrant

Fruit: fleshy, oblong to cylindrical (up to 3 x 10 cm), yellow to orange and red with dark spots; many seeds Seed: large

Other: the slash exudes a sticky white latex.


Continent: Upper Guinea endemic Upper Guinea: Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 24 30' cells, distribution range is 1134 km Forest type: rainforest, secondary forest, thicket. In Ghana, only found in evergreen forest, especially upland forests but also present in moist and wet evergreen forests (Hall & Swaine 1981).

It is most often found where rainfall is between 1500-2000 mm/yr (Chi2 test). Although in Ghana the species is mainly found in upland evergreen forests (Hall & Swaine 1981), we actually found a negative correlation with increasing altitude (logistic regression analysis). It is often found in gaps, cleared forests, or along forest edges. Occasionally found near rivers (herbarium).


It regenerates in shade (Hall & Swaine 1981).


Dispersal: by animals (monkeys)

Dispersal: by animals (monkeys)

Data sources

FWTA, Hall & Swaine (1981), Persoon et al. (1992), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

Landolphia togolana (Hallier f.) Pichon

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