Apocynaceae

Description

Guild: np

Life form: large winding woody climber Max. height: 30 m long (herbarium) Max. diameter: 2 cm (Hawthorne & Jongkind 2004)

Leaf: opposite, simple, elliptic to oblong, notophyll (2-6 x 5-17 cm), entire, herbaceous to coriaceous Inflorescence: axillary and terminal Flower: small (approx. 0.3 cm long); dish-shaped with tube; corolla creamy-orange in bud, creamy at anthesis; fragrant

Fruit: fleshy, oblong to cylindrical (up to 3 x 10 cm), yellow to orange and red with dark spots; many seeds Seed: large

Other: the slash exudes a sticky white latex.

Distribution

Continent: Upper Guinea endemic Upper Guinea: Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 24 30' cells, distribution range is 1134 km Forest type: rainforest, secondary forest, thicket. In Ghana, only found in evergreen forest, especially upland forests but also present in moist and wet evergreen forests (Hall & Swaine 1981).

It is most often found where rainfall is between 1500-2000 mm/yr (Chi2 test). Although in Ghana the species is mainly found in upland evergreen forests (Hall & Swaine 1981), we actually found a negative correlation with increasing altitude (logistic regression analysis). It is often found in gaps, cleared forests, or along forest edges. Occasionally found near rivers (herbarium).

Regeneration

It regenerates in shade (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Phenology

Dispersal: by animals (monkeys)

Dispersal: by animals (monkeys)

Data sources

FWTA, Hall & Swaine (1981), Persoon et al. (1992), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

Landolphia togolana (Hallier f.) Pichon

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