Apocynaceae

Guild: np

Life form: small winding woody climber

Max. height: data unavailable

Max. diameter: 15 cm (Persoon et al. 1992)

Leaf: opposite, simple, ovate or elliptic, occasionally obovate, notophyll (1.9-7 x 3.5-13 cm), entire, coriaceous, glabrous on both sides

Inflorescence: axillary (or occasionally terminal), branched, 1-12-flowered

yellowish; dish with tube; fragrant; glabrous or occasionally with some hairs inside

Fruit: fleshy, indehiscent, globose, greenish (4 x 5

cm), pulp fleshy and juicy, yellow, orange, or brown, with brown lenticellate spots; 3-40 seeds

Other: it starts as a shrub. The slash exudes a white latex. It grows with curled tendrils.

Distribution

Continent: Guinea wide: Benin, Nigeria (herbarium, Persoon et al. 1992)

Upper Guinea: Cote d'lvoire, Ghana, Togo Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 18 30' cells, distribution range is 1163 km Forest type: dry semi-deciduous forest, secondary forest, riverine forest, gallery forest in savanna, coastal forest (herbarium, Persoon et al. 1992). In Ghana, it is most abundant in South Marginal forests and dry semi-deciduous forests (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Habitat

Species occurrence is highest where rainfall is around 1000 mm/yr and decreases with increasing rainfall (logistic regression analysis, Chi2 test). It is more often found in coastal ranges (Chi2 test) and occurrence tends to decrease with increasing altitude (logistic regression analysis). It is often found in secondary vegetation (e.g. forest edges and roadsides thickets) and moist places (e.g. riverbanks, streams, lagoons) (herbarium). Usually found on sandy soil (herbarium).

Regeneration

It regenerates in shade (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Phenology

Dispersal: by animals (monkeys) Timing: flowering period mainly at the beginning of the rainy season; mature fruits can be found throughout the year (Persoon et al. 1992)

Regeneration

It regenerates in shade (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Dispersal: by animals (monkeys) Timing: flowering period mainly at the beginning of the rainy season; mature fruits can be found throughout the year (Persoon et al. 1992)

Uses

The rubber is said to be of good quality in Benin (Persoon et al. 1992).

Data sources

FWTA, Hall & Swaine (1981), Persoon et al. (1992)

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