Hall & Leeuwenb.


Guild: sb

Life form: small to medium-sized tree

Max. height: 12 m (Omino 1996)

Max. diameter: 25 cm (Omino 1996)

Leaf: opposite, simple, narrowly elliptic, microphyll

(0.8-3.5 x 3.5-14 cm), entire to slightly crenate, fairly coriaceous

Inflorescence: terminal, almost compound umbellike, many flowers (30-150) Flower: medium-sized (2-4 x 2.5-4 cm); corolla 0.60.9 cm long, pale yellow; tube with 5 lobes Fruit: fleshy (1.5 x 1 x 1 cm), smooth, yellow to orange; 1-2 seeds

Seed: medium-sized (0.9 x 0.6 x 0.4 cm) Other: the bark is pale grey, shallowly fissured, but dark brown on section. It exudes a scanty white latex.


Continent: Upper Guinea endemic Upper Guinea: Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 6 30' cells, distribution range is 677 km, Red List species (Endangered); rare in the world (Hall & Leeuwenberg 1979)

Forest type: dry forest, secondary forest. In Ghana, only in extremely dry forests (Hall & Swaine 1981, Hawthorne 1995a, 1996).


It is found in dry and open places, on rocks, and inselbergs. Generally found in dry forests where rainfall is between 100-1200 mm/yr and the altitude is between 50-100 m (Omino 1996).


It regenerates in shade.


Timing: not clearly seasonal (Hall & Swaine 1981), flowering and fruiting periods between December and July in both countries (Omino 1996)


The timber is tough and fine-grained (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Data sources

Hall & Leeuwenberg (1979), Hall & Swaine (1981), Hawthorne (1995a, 1996), Omino (1996), IUCN Red List (2000)

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