Guild: sb

Life form: small tree

Max. diameter: data unavailable

Leaf: alternate, simple, oblong to elliptic, mesophyll

(4-6 x 10-15 cm), entire, coriaceous, peppered with minute gland spots below

Inflorescence: cauliflorous, solitary

Flower: medium-sized (2 cm long); petals dark wine-red with cream-coloured centre; bowl-shaped

Seed: medium-sized to large (1 cm long)

Other: the slash is strongly and distinctively aromatic. Young twigs are black with diamond-

shaped narrow channels.


Continent: Nigeria, Cameroon Upper Guinea: Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 13 30' cells, distribution range is 2534 km, Red List species (vulnerable)

Forest type: dry forest, dry semi-deciduous forest, gallery forest (Hawthorne 1995a, Hall & Swaine 1981). In Ghana, it is found mainly in the south marginal forest type, but also in dry semi-deciduous forests, and in the Southeast-outlier forest type (Hall & Swaine 1981). In Côte d'Ivoire, it has been found in open forests of the rainforest region, in very degraded forests, and in gallery forests (herbarium).

Deciduousness: evergreen (Hawthorne 1995a) Dispersal: probably by animals

Deciduousness: evergreen (Hawthorne 1995a) Dispersal: probably by animals


The fruits, known as pepper fruits, are edible and appreciated for their fragrance (Osisiogu 1975). The oil from the seed is toxic to insects and has a high antifungal activity (Ejechi et al. 1999). It can, therefore, be used as an insecticide or as a natural preservative in food processing.

Data sources

FWTA, Rendle (1913), Osisiogu (1975), Hall & Swaine (1981), Hawthorne (1995a), Cable & Cheek (1998), Ejechi et al. (1999), IUCN Red List (2000)


The species occurs mainly in places where rainfall is below 1500 mm/yr (Chi2 test). Usually not close to large rivers (Chi2 test), but it is clearly associated with small streams in the savanna zone. It occurs on shallow rocky soils (Hall & Swaine 1981, herbarium).

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Oplan Termites

Oplan Termites

You Might Start Missing Your Termites After Kickin'em Out. After All, They Have Been Your Roommates For Quite A While. Enraged With How The Termites Have Eaten Up Your Antique Furniture? Can't Wait To Have Them Exterminated Completely From The Face Of The Earth? Fret Not. We Will Tell You How To Get Rid Of Them From Your House At Least. If Not From The Face The Earth.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment