Annonaceae

Guild: sb

Life form: small tree

Max. diameter: data unavailable

Leaf: alternate, simple, oblong to elliptic, mesophyll

(4-6 x 10-15 cm), entire, coriaceous, peppered with minute gland spots below

Inflorescence: cauliflorous, solitary

Flower: medium-sized (2 cm long); petals dark wine-red with cream-coloured centre; bowl-shaped

Seed: medium-sized to large (1 cm long)

Other: the slash is strongly and distinctively aromatic. Young twigs are black with diamond-

shaped narrow channels.

Distribution

Continent: Nigeria, Cameroon Upper Guinea: Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 13 30' cells, distribution range is 2534 km, Red List species (vulnerable)

Forest type: dry forest, dry semi-deciduous forest, gallery forest (Hawthorne 1995a, Hall & Swaine 1981). In Ghana, it is found mainly in the south marginal forest type, but also in dry semi-deciduous forests, and in the Southeast-outlier forest type (Hall & Swaine 1981). In Côte d'Ivoire, it has been found in open forests of the rainforest region, in very degraded forests, and in gallery forests (herbarium).

Deciduousness: evergreen (Hawthorne 1995a) Dispersal: probably by animals

Deciduousness: evergreen (Hawthorne 1995a) Dispersal: probably by animals

Uses

The fruits, known as pepper fruits, are edible and appreciated for their fragrance (Osisiogu 1975). The oil from the seed is toxic to insects and has a high antifungal activity (Ejechi et al. 1999). It can, therefore, be used as an insecticide or as a natural preservative in food processing.

Data sources

FWTA, Rendle (1913), Osisiogu (1975), Hall & Swaine (1981), Hawthorne (1995a), Cable & Cheek (1998), Ejechi et al. (1999), IUCN Red List (2000)

Habitat

The species occurs mainly in places where rainfall is below 1500 mm/yr (Chi2 test). Usually not close to large rivers (Chi2 test), but it is clearly associated with small streams in the savanna zone. It occurs on shallow rocky soils (Hall & Swaine 1981, herbarium).

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