Amaryllidaceae

Description

Guild: np

Life form: perennial bulbous ground herb Max. height: 0.5 m (herbarium) Leaf: opposite, simple, elliptic to obovate, mesophyll (7-8 x 25-30 cm), entire, herbaceous, glabrous

Inflorescence: branched (in a globose head)

Flower: large; long, slender, bright red

Fruit: fleshy (berry) (up to 1.5 cm in diameter), orange to red; 1-3 seeds

Seed: medium-sized, pale yellow

Other: it has a maroon-brown bulb. The exposed part is greenish white with maroon-brown dots.

Distribution

Continent: the species has a Guineo-Congolian range, but the subspecies is restricted to Upper Guinea (Hall & Swaine 1981) Upper Guinea: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana (herbarium) Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 34 30' cells, distribution range is 1350 km Forest type: wet evergreen forest, moist evergreen forest, secondary forest, gallery and riverine forest. Occasionally, reported in savanna, and cocoa plantations (herbarium). In Ghana, mostly found in south marginal and dry semi-deciduous forests (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Habitat

Species' presence is significantly correlated with rainfall (logistic regression), and found mainly where rainfall is between 2000-2500 mm/yr (Chi2 test). It grows often under forest shade, but also along paths and roadsides. Usually found close to water (e.g. creeks, rivers, and waterfalls). Soils can be clayish, sandy, lateritic or granite (herbarium).

Regeneration

Phenology

Deciduousness: leaves die off completely. Flowers appear before the new leaves. Timing: flowering period: January to April (De Koning 1983)

The seeds germinate after 3-6 weeks, with a high germination success (90-100%) (De Koning 1983). It regenerates in shade (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Data sources

spp

n

Open (n) || Altitude

River

Coast

Mean Annual Rainfall

Soil CMK

Soil WHC

S.m.

60

>500m

<2km

<5km

D

M

W

VW

L

M

H

L

M

H

42 (31) H 5

48

7

9

35

47

8

3

82

15

35

3

58

All

46333

37 HI 4

39

7

37

29

24

10

6

69

25

36

13

39

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