Angell, J. K., 1999: Global, hemispheric, and zonal temperature deviations derived from radiosonds records. In Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S.A.

Boer, G. J., G. Flato, M. C. Reader, and D. Ramsden, 2000: A transient climate change simulation with greenhouse gas and aerosol forcing: experimental design and comparison with the instrumental record for the 20th century. Clim. Dyn., in press.

Bradley, R., 2000: 1000 years of climate change. Science, 288, 1353-5.

Delworth, T. L. and T. R. Knutson, 2000: Simulation of early 20th century global warming. Science, 287, 2246-2250.

Diaz, H. and N. Graham, 1996: Recent changes in tropical freezing heights and the role of sea surface temperature, Nature, 383, 152-5.

Dlugokencky, E. J., K. A. Masarie, P. M. Lang, and P. P. Tans, 1998: Continuing decline in the growth rate of the atmospheric CH4 burden. Nature, 393, 447-50.

Enting, I. G., T. M. L. Wigley, and M. Heimann, 1994: Future emissions and concentrations of carbon dioxide: key ocean/atmosphere/land analyses. CSIRO Division of Atmospheric Research Technical Paper No. 31, CSIRO Australia 1994.

Haeberli, W., 1990: Glacier and permafrost signals of 20th century warming. Ann. Glaciol., 14, 99-101.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, and R. Ruedy, 1997: Radiative forcing and climate response. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 6831-64.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, I. Tegen, and E. Matthews, 1998: Climate forcing in the industrial era. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 95, 12753-8.

Harvey, L. D. D., 2000: Global Warming: The Hard Science, Addison-Wesley-Longman.

Hoffert, M. I. and C. Covey, 1992: Deriving climate sensitivity from paleoclimate reconstructons, Nature, 360, 573-6.

Hoffert, M. I., K. Caldeira, A. K. Jain, L. D. Harvey, E. F. Haites, S. D. Potter, S. H. Schneider, R. G. Watts, T. M. L. Wigley, and D. J. Wuebbles, 1998: Energy implications of future stabilization of atmospheric CO2 content. Nature, 395, 881-4.

Huang, S., H. N. Pollack, and P.-Y. Shen, 2000: Temperature trends over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole measurements. Nature, 403, 756-8.

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), 1996a: Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group I to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, J. T. Houghton, L. G. Meira Filho, B. A. Callander, N. Harriss, A. Kattenberg, and K. Maskell, eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 572 pp.

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), 1996b: Climate Change 1995:

Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation of Climate Change: Scientific-Technical Analysis. The Contribution of Working Group II to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. R. T. Watson, M. C. Zinyowera, and R. H. Moss, eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 878 pp.

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), 1998: The Regional Impacts of Climate Change: An Assessment of Vulnerability. R. T. Watson, M. C. Zinyowera, and R. H. Moss, eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 517 pp.

Jain, A. K., H. S. Kheshgi, and D. J. Wuebbles, 1996: A globally aggregated reconstruction of cycles of carbon and its isotopes. Tellus, 48B, 583-600.

Jain, A. K., B. P. Briegleb, K. Minschwaner, and D. J. Wuebbles, 2000: Radiative forcings and global warming potentials of thirty-nine greenhouse gases. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 20773-90.

Johannessen, O. M., E. V. Shalina, and M. W. Miles, 1999: Satellite evidence for an arctic sea ice cover in transformation. Science, 286, 1937-9.

Jones, P. D., T. J. Osborn, and K. R. Briffa, 1997a: Estimating sampling errors in large-scale temperature averages. J. Climate, 10, 2548-68.

Jones, P. D., T. J. Osborn, T. M. L. Wigley, P. M. Kelly, and B. D. Santer, 1997b:

Comparisons between the microwave sounding unit temperature record and the surface temperature record from 1979 to 1996: real differences or potential discontinuities? J. Geophys. Res., 102, 30135-45.

Jones, P. D., K. R. Briffa, T. P. Barnett, and S. F. B. Tett, 1998: High-resolution paleoclimatic records for the last millennium: interpretation, integration and comparison with general circulation model control run temperatures. Holocene, 8, 477-83.

Keeling, C. D. and T. P. Whorf, 1998: Atmospheric CO2 concentrations - Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii, 1958-1997. Available at their website:

Kheshgi, H. S., A. K. Jain, and D. J. Wuebbles, 1996: Accounting for the missing carbon sink with the CO2 fertilization effect. Climatic Change, 33, 31-62.

Kheshgi, H. S., A. K. Jain, and D. J. Wuebbles, 1999: The global carbon budget and its uncertainty derived from carbon dioxide and carbon isotope records. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 31 127-43.

Levitus, S., J. I. Antonov, T. P. Boyer, and C. Stephens, 2000: Warming of the world ocean, Science, 287, 2225-9.

Mann, M. E., R. S. Bradley, and M. K. Hughes, 1999: Northern hemispheric temperatures during the past millennium: inferences, uncertainties, and limitations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 759-62.

Miller, A. J., R. M. Nagatani, G. C. Tiao, X. F. Niu, G. C. Reinsel, D. Wuebbles, and K. Grant, 1992: Comparisons of observed ozone and temperature trends in the lower stratosphere. Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 929-32.

Nakicenovic, N., N. Victor, and T. Morita, 1998: Emissions scenarios database and review of scenarios. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 3, 95-120.

Neumann, J. E., G. Yohe, R. Nicholls, and M. Manion, 2000: Sea-level rise & global climate change. Pew Center on Climate Change, Arlington, VA.

NRC (National Research Council), 2000: Reconciling observations of global temperature change. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 84 pp.

Roemmich, D. and K. Wunsch, 1984: Apparent changes in the climate state of the deep North Atlantic Ocean. Nature, 307, 447-50.

UN (United Nations), 1992: Framework Convention on Climate Change. United Nations, New York, 33 pp.

UN (United Nations), 1997: Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. United Nations, New York, 24 pp.

Vaughn, D. G. and C. S. M. Doake, 1996: Recent atmospheric warming and retreat of ice shelves on the Antarctic peninsula. Nature, 379, 328-31.

Watts, R. G. and M. C. Morantine, 1991: Is the greenhouse gas-climate signal hiding in the deep ocean? Climatic Change, 18, iii-vi.

Wigley, T. M. L., 1999: The science of climate change: global and US perspectives. Pew Center on Climate Change, Arlington, VA, 48 pp.

Wigley, T. M. L., R. Richels, and J. Edmonds, 1996: Economic and environmental choices in the stabilization of atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Nature, 379, 240-3.

WMO (World Meteorological Organization), 1998: Scientific Assessment of Ozone Layer: 1998. WMO Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project, Report No. 44, Geneva, 668 pp.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Solar Power

Solar Power

Start Saving On Your Electricity Bills Using The Power of the Sun And Other Natural Resources!

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment