Arthur, W. B., 1987. Path-dependent processes and the emergence of macrostructure. European Journal of Operations Research, 30:294-303. ASE, 1998, Price It Right: Energy Pricing and Fundamental Tax Reform, Alliance to Save Energy, Dr. D. L. Norland and K. Y. Ninassi, in cooperation with Professor D. W. Jorgenson, Chairman, Department of Economics, Harvard University. Alliance to Save Energy, Washington DC. Ausubel, J. H., 1998. The environment for future business: efficiency will win,
Pollution Prevention Review, Winter 1998, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Ausubel, J. H. and C. Marchetti, 1996. Elektron: Electrical Systems in Retrospect and Prospect, Daedalus, 125:139-69.
Ausubel, J. H., C. Marchetti, and P. S. Meyer, 1998. Toward green mobility: the evolution of transport, European Review, 6:137-56.
Ayres, R. U. and K. Martinas, 1992. Experience and the life cycle: some analytical implications. Technovation, 12(7):465-86.
Azar, C. and H. Dowlatabadi, 1999. A review of technical change in assessments of climate policy, Annual Review of Energy & Environment, 24:513-44.
Brill, A., K. Hassett, and G. Metcalf, 1998. Knowing what's good for you: energy conservation investment and the uninformed consumer hypothesis. In Climate Change Policy: The Road to Buenos Aires. Washington DC: American Enterprise Institute.
Cebon, P., 1992. 'Twixt cup and lip: organizational behavior, technical prediction and conservation practice. Energy Policy, September: 802-14.
Cyert, R. and J. March, 1992. A Behavioral Theory of the Firm. Cambridge, MA, Blackwell.
David, P., 1985. Clio and the economics of QWERTY American Economic Review, 75(2):332-7.
DeCanio, S. and W. Watkins, 1998. Investment in energy efficiency: do the characteristics of firms matter? The Review of Economics and Statistics, 80(1):95-107.
Dixit, A. and R. Pindyck, 1994, Investment Under Uncertainty. Princeton University Press.
Dowlatabadi, H., 1998. Sensitivity of climate change mitigation estimates to assumption about technical change, to appear in a special issue of Energy Economics, eds. C. Carrera and J.-C. Hourcade.
Dowlatabadi, H. and M. A. Oravetz, 1997. US long-term energy intensity: Backcast and projection, to appear in Energy Policy.
EIA, 1997. Annual Energy Review 1996, Energy Information Agency, Washington DC.
Energy Innovations, 1997. Energy Innovations: A Prosperous Path to a Clean
Environment. Washington DC: Alliance to Save Energy, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Natural Resources Defense Council, Tellus Institute, and Union of Concerned Scientists.
Farzin, Y., K. Huisman, and P. Kort, 1998. Optimal timing of technology adoption. Journal of economics dynamics and control, 22:779-99.
Freeman, C., J. Clark, and L. Soete, 1982. Unemployment and Technical Innovation: A Study of Long Waves and Economic Development. London: Francis Pinter.
Goldemberg, J., 1996. A note on the energy intensity of developing countries. Energy Policy, 24(8): 759-61.
Goulder, L. H. and S. H. Schneider, 1998. Induced technological change, crowding out, and the attractiveness of CO2 emissions abatement, Resource and Environmental Economics (submitted).
Griliches, Z., 1957. Hybrid corn: an exploration in the economics of technical change. Econometrica, 25(4):501-22.
Gruebler, A., 1997. Time for a change: on the patterns of diffusion of innovation. January 1997, Daedelus, Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, from the issue entitled, The Liberation of the Environment, Summer 1996,125(3):19-42.
Harvey, H., 1998. Essay, The Energy Foundation Annual Report, and personal communication, 1/99.
Hassett, K. and G. Metcalf, 1993. Energy conservation investment: do consumers discount the future correctly? Energy Policy, 21(6):710-16.
Hoffert, M. I., K. Caldiera, A. K. Jain, E. F. Haites, L. D. Harvey, S. D. Potter, M. E. Schlesinger, S. H. Schneider, R. G. Watts, T. M. L. Wigley, and D. J. Wuebbles, 1998. Energy implications of future stabilization of atmospheric CO2 content. Nature, 395:881-4.
Jaffe, A. and R. Stavins, 1993. The Energy Paradox and the Diffusion of Energy Conservation Technology, Resources for the Future: Washington DC.
Jaffe, A. and R. Stavins, 1995. Dynamic incentives of environmental regulations: the effects of alternative policy instruments on technology diffusion. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 29:S43-S63.
Katz, M. and C. Shapiro, 1986. Technology adoption in the presence of network externalities. Journal of Political Economy, 94(4):822-41.
Levine, M. D., L. Feng, and J. E. Sinton, 1992. China's energy system: historical evolution, current issues, and prospects, Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, 17:405-36.
Lovins, A., 1996. Negawatts. Twelve transitions, eight improvements and one distraction, Energy Policy, 24(4):331.
Manne, A. S. and R. G. Richels, 1992. Buying Greenhouse Insurance - the Economic Costs of CO2 Emission Limits. Boston, MA, MIT Press.
Mansfield, E., 1961. Technical change and the rate of innovation. Econometrica, 29(4):741-66.
Messner, S., 1997. Endogenized technological learning in an energy systems model, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 7(3), September 1997. Springer-Verlag.
Metcalf, G. and K. Hassett, 1998. Measuring the energy savings from home improvement investments: evidence from monthly billing data. In Climate Change Policy: The Road to Buenos Aires. Washington DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.
Mitchell, C., 1997. The renewable NFFO: a review, Energy Policy, 23, No.12, 1077-91.
Morgenstern, R., 1996. Does the Provision of Free Technical Information Really Influence Firm Behavior?, Resources for the Future: Washington DC.
Nakicenovic, N., 1997. Technological Change as a Learning Process, ILASA: Laxenberg, Austria.
New York Times, 1998. US splurging on energy after falling off its diet, A. Myerson, October 22, 1998, pp. A1,C6.
Newell, R., A. Jaffe, and R. Stavins, 1999. The Induced Innovation Hypothesis and Energy Saving Technological Change, Resources for the Future: Washington DC.
Nilsson, L., 1993. Energy intensity trends in 31 industrial and developing countries. Energy, 18:309-22.
Patterson, W., 1998. Electric Futures: Pointers and Possibilities. London: Earthscan.
PCAST, 1997. Federal Energy Research and Development for the Challenges of the Twenty-First Century, Report of the Energy Research and Development Panel, The President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology, November 1997, J. P. Holdren, Chairman, Washington DC.
Rosenfeld, A., 1999, personal communication.
Sagar, A. and M. Kandlikar, 1997. Knowledge rhetoric and power, international politics of climate change, Economic and Political Weekly, Dec. 1997, 3139-48
Schipper, L., F. Unander, and C. Marie, 1998. The IEA Energy Indicators Effort: Extension to Carbon Emissions as a Tool of the Conference of Parties, International Energy Agency, Energy Efficiency and Technology Policy Office, November.
Schipper, L., 1999. Personal communication.
Schlumpf, C., J. Behringer, G. Durrenberger, and C. Pahl-Worstl, 1998. The personal CO2 calculator: a modeling tool for participatory integrated assessment model, submitted to Environmental Modeling and Assessment.
Simon, H., 1982. Models of Bounded Rationality. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
Sonnenblick, 1995. A Framework for Improving the Cost Effectiveness of Demand Side Management Program Evaluations. Ph.D. Thesis, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh.
Strachan, N. and H. Dowlatabadi, 1999. The Adoption of a Decentralized Energy Technology: The Case of UK Engine Cogeneration. Paper read at ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry, June 1999, at Saratoga Springs, New York.
Tietenberg, T., 1992. Environmental and Natural Resource Economics, 3rd edition, Harper Collins Publishers.
UK-DTI, 1998. Digest of UK Energy Statistics, HMSO, London.
von Weizäcker, E. U., A. B. Lovins, and L. H. Lovins, 1995. Factor Four - Doubling Wealth, Halving Resource Use. London, Earthscan.
Walley, J. and R. Wigle, 1991. The international incidence of carbon taxes. In Global Warming: Economic Policy Responses, ed. R. Dronbush and J. M. Poterba. 233-62.
Wigley T., R. Richels, and J. Edmonds, 1996. Economic and environmental choices in stabilization of atmospheric CO2 concentrations, Nature, 369:240-3.
World Energy Council (WEC) and International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), 1995. Global Energy Perspectives to 2050 and Beyond, N. Nakicenovic, Study Director; WEC, London, UK.
Was this article helpful?