Nicaragua

Figure 1. CO2 emissions by fuel

1971

□ Electricity and heat

□ Manuf. ind. and construction

□ Residential

1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007

Figure 3. CO2 emissions by sector

1990 2007

□ Other energy industries

Figure 2. CO2 emissions by sector

Figure 2. CO2 emissions by sector

1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007

□ Electricity and heat

□ Manuf. ind. and construction

□ Residential

□ Other energy industries

Figure 4. Reference vs Sectoral Approach o o

Figure 4. Reference vs Sectoral Approach

1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004

2007

■ Total CO2 emissions - Sectoral Approach

■ Total CO2 emissions - Reference Approach UNFCCC database

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007

1990 = 100 250

Figure 6. Key indicators

Figure 6. Key indicators

1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007

1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007

Nicaragua Key indicators

% change

1990

1995

2000

2004

2005

2006

2007

90-07

CO2 Sectoral Approach (Mt of CO2)

1.83

2.49

3.53

4.12

4.10

3.98

4.40

140.3%

CO2 Reference Approach (Mt of CO2)

1.75

2.55

3.44

4.10

4.15

4.02

4.31

146.4%

TPES (PJ)

88

98

114

137

139

144

145

66.0%

TPES (Mtoe)

2.09

2.34

2.72

3.28

3.32

3.43

3.47

66.0%

GDP (billion 2000 US$)

2.82

3.08

3.94

4.41

4.60

4.77

4.96

75.7%

GDP PPP (billion 2000 US$)

11.04

12.06

15.41

17.26

18.01

18.67

19.40

75.7%

Population (millions)

4.14

4.66

5.11

5.39

5.46

5.53

5.61

35.4%

CO2 / TPES (t CO2 per TJ)

20.9

25.4

31.0

30.0

29.5

27.7

30.3

44.8%

CO2 / GDP (kg CO2 per 2000 US$)

0.65

0.81

0.90

0.94

0.89

0.83

0.89

36.7%

CO2 / GDP PPP (kg CO2 per 2000 US$)

0.17

0.21

0.23

0.24

0.23

0.21

0.23

36.8%

CO2 / population (t CO2 per capita)

0.44

0.53

0.69

0.76

0.75

0.72

0.79

77.5%

Ratios are based on the Sectoral Approach.

2007 CO2 emissions by sector

% change

million tonnes of CO 2

Coal/peat

Oil

Gas

Other *

Total

90-07

Sectoral Approach

-

4.40

-

-

4.40

140.3%

Main activity producer elec. and heat

-

1.69

-

-

1.69

249.0%

Unallocated autoproducers

Other energy industries

-

0.07

-

-

0.07

23.7%

Manufacturing industries and construction

-

0.66

-

-

0.66

99.8%

Transport

-

1.63

-

-

1.63

120.8%

of which: road

-

1.53

-

-

1.53

119.3%

Other sectors

-

0.36

-

-

0.36

74.3%

of which: residential

-

0.08

-

-

0.08

57.9%

Reference Approach

-

4.31

-

-

4.31

146.4%

Diff. due to losses and/or transformation

-

- 0.09

-

-

0.09

Statistical differences

-

- 0.00

-

-

0.00

Memo: international marine bunkers

-

-

-

Memo: international aviation bunkers

-

0.08

-

-

0.08

0.1%

* Other includes industrial waste and non-renewable municipal waste.

Key sources for CO2 emissions from fuel combustion in 2007

IPCC source category

CO2 emissions

% change

Level assessment

Cumulative

(Mt of CO2)

90-07

(%) **

total (%)

Main activity prod. elec. and heat - oil

1.69

249.0%

11.6

11.6

Road - oil

1.53

119.3%

10.6

22.2

Manufacturing industries - oil

0.66

99.8%

4.5

26.7

Non-specified other sectors - oil

0.28

79.5%

1.9

28.6

Other transport - oil

0.09

148.8%

0.6

29.3

Residential - oil

0.08

57.9%

0.5

29.8

Other energy industries - oil

0.07

23.7%

0.5

30.3

Memo: total CO 2 from fuel combustion

4.40

140.3%

30.3

30.3

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