Recent years have witnessed a fundamental change in the way governments approach energy-related environmental issues. Promoting sustainable development and combating climate change have become integral aspects of energy planning, analysis and policy making in many countries, including all IEA member states.
In recognition of the importance attached to the environmental aspects of energy, the IEA Secretariat has prepared this edition of its published statistics on CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel combustion. These data are also available on CD-ROM and on the Internet.
The purpose of this volume is to put our best and most current information in the hands of those who need it, including in particular the participants in the UNFCCC process. The IEA Secretariat is a contributor to the official Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) methodologies for estimating greenhouse-gas emissions. The IEA's basic energy balance data are the figures most often cited in the field. For these reasons, we felt it appropriate to publish this information in a comprehensive form.
It is our hope that this book will assist the reader in better understanding the evolution of CO2 emissions from fuel combustion from 1971 to 2007 for more than 140 countries and regions, by sector and by fuel. This publication incorporates comments and suggestions received since the first edition in November 1997.
Most of the data presented in this publication are only for energy-related CO2. Thus they may differ from countries' official submissions of emissions inventories to the UNFCCC Secretariat.
In addition, summary data for CO2 from non-energy-related sources and gas flaring, and emissions of CH4, N2O, HFC, PFC and SF6 are shown in Part III in cooperation with the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL) and the Joint Research Centre (JRC).
The publication also includes information on "Key Sources" from fuel combustion, as developed in the IPCC Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.
This report is published under my responsibility as Executive Director of the IEA and does not necessarily reflect the views of IEA member countries.
Nobuo Tanaka Executive Director
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