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- centrifugal 278 fats 424

fatty acid ethyl ester (FAEE) 434

fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) 434

feed point 232

feed preheating 235ff.

feedback instrument 111

feedback theory 94

feedstock

- renewable 420f. feedstock extraction 67 fermentation 179ff. fired heater 290

flare 292

flexible mechanism 58, 72 flow diagram decomposition 170 flow sheet

- biodiesel production 176

flow sheet decomposition 161, 175ff. fluid catalytic cracker (FCC) 281, 316 fossil fuel feedstock 436 fractioning unit 319 frame engine 286 free volume factor (FVF) 171 freeze crystallization 256 frequency control 382 fuel

- food 443

- high heating value (HHV) 311

- low heating value (LHV) 311 fuel system 291

gas turbine 214, 285, 371, 404 generating system 363 global framework

- climate change 82 global warming 1

- impact 33

global warming potential (GWP, greenhouse warming potential) 33, 57 goal-setting talk 109 goal-setting theory 93 grand composite curve 193, 204

- targeting for multiple utilities 203 greenhouse gas (GHG) 2, 33, 57

- emission 59

greenhouse warming potential (GWP, global warming potential) 3, 33 grid diagram 211 gross domestic product (GDP) 444

header pressure 297

heat exchanger 226

heat exchanger/reactor concept (HEX

reactor) 264 heat exchanger network 214

- oil refining type 218

- petrochemical type 218

heat integration 138, 189ff., 260

- benefit 192

- inter-unit 191 heat pump 214 heat recovery 138

- convective dryer 252

heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) 286

heat removal duty 212

heat sink 213

heat source 213

heat transfer 334

heat-integrated distillation column

(HIDiC) 240 heating, ventilation and air conditioning

(HVAC) 139 high heating value (HHV) 311 high value chemical (HVC) 68ff. host country approval 78 hot stream duty 213 housekeeping

- energy saving 224

human development index (HDI) 444 hybridization 62 hydrocracking 317 hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) 61, 74

hydrogen pinch 220 hydrotreating 317 3-hydroxypropionaldehyde (3-HPA) 433

3-hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP) 430ff.

idea evaluation 142 idea generation 133 IGCC (integrated gasification combined cycle) 402

- chemical industry 405

- technological implementation 403 illumination 225 implementation

- plan 147

- sustainable 147 indicator

- calculation 163ff., 175ff. indicator sensitivity analysis (ISA)

algorithm 167ff., 183 industrial biotechnological process 429

- field of application 429

- market 429

industrial biotechnology 430 industrial water 357 industry exposure 63

- carbon pricing 63 information material 105 installation based allocation 84 instrument air 362 instrumentation 292 insulation 225, 295

- corrosion under insulation 295

- economic thickness 295

- type 296 insulin process 179 integration rule 214 investment 354

- calculation 144

- cost 354

ISO 50001 118 j joint implementation (JI) 17f., 38

- project 80

Joule-Thompson (JT) valve 282 k key performance indicator (KPI) 153, 266

Kyoto Protocol 16ff., 58ff., 72

l land use change (LUC) 441

life cycle assessment (LCA) 40, 440

life cycle costing (LCC) 442

life cycle inventory (LCI) data 440

lignin 426

linking directive 80

liquid turbine

- Francis type 282

- Kaplan type 282

- Pelton wheel 282 logistics 47

low grade heat use 208 low heating value (LHV) 311 low line loss 294 low pressure (LP) steam 206 low-density polyethylene (LDPE) 262

m maintenance

- aspect 385

- energy saving 329f. manufacturing execution system

(MES) 267 marginal abatement cost (MAC) 60 mass indicator 163 material

- energy balance 309

material value added (MVA) 163, 180 matrix

- balanced 99

- unbalanced 99

medium pressure (MP) steam 206 melt crystallization

- cooling 254 membrane 406 membrane separation 256

- basic principle 257

- energy efficiency 257

MES, see manufacturing execution system methane 49, 74

methodology

- batch mode 169

- continuous mode 161 methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) 321 methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) 321 microstructured equipment 264 Milestone 1 132

Milestone 2 141

minimum cold utility requirement 199

minimum heat transfer area 199 minimum hot utility requirement 199 mitigation policy 19

mixed integer nonlinear programming

(MINLP) 160, 245 monitoring 78, 115, 149 monoethanolamine (MEA) 396f. multiple-output process (MOP) 41 multistage evaporation 247 multistage turbine 284

Nairobi work programme (NWP) 20 national allocation plan (NAP) 60 national program

- China 23

- European Union 22

- India 23

- Japan 22

- United States of America 21 natural gas 7

natural gas expander 281 network design 211

- interaction 212 network pinch 217 nitrogen oxide 59 nitrous oxide 49, 74 non Annex 1 country 72 Novartis 24

Offset Market 18 offsetting 71

- international 81 oil business

- energy efficient refinery 306 oils 424

open-path (OP) 161ff. operation 329ff.

- best practice 332 operation indicator 170 operation energy factor (OEF) 170ff. operation time factor (OTF) 170ff. operational aspect 385 operational cost 354 operational flow diagram

- equipment flow sheet 169ff. operational parameter 132

- sensitivity analysis 167 operational value (OPV) 167 organic vapor

- separation 257 own action 61 oxyfuel process 399f.

- chemical industry 402

- technological implementation 400 ozone depleting substance (ODS) 61

path 216

PCF, see product carbon footprint perfluorocarbon (PFC) 74 performance

- criteria 185

- factor 283

- monitoring 265ff. pervaporation 258 petroleum 7

photosynthetically active radiation

(PAR) 437 PIMS, see process information management system pinch analysis 189ff. pinch design 214 pinch equation 210 pinch point 205 pinch rule 193, 209 pinch technology 193ff.

- application 218 plus/minus principle 213 political framework 16 polyamide 434 polyethylene (PE) 431

- bioethanol-based 430 polylactic acid (PLA) 430 polypropylene (PP) 431 polytropic efficiency 274 portfolio 144 post-2012 agreement 81 post-combustion CO2 scrubbing

Post-Kyoto negotiation 19 power cycle 363f. power factor 382 power generation 375

- efficient 207

power recovery equipment 281 power system 202ff. pre-analysis 97 pre-maintenance work 330 pricing 421 primary recovery 179

process design interaction 212

process energy deficit 204

process equipment 214

process heat flow 194

process information management system

(PIMS) 267 process inherent safety 166 process modification 193, 212 process operating system 267 process sensitivity analysis 177ff. process support 351 process synthesis 209 process stream

- hot and cold 195 process synthesis 193 process unit 315 product allocation 48

product carbon footprint (PCF) 40

- cradle-to-gate 42

- goal and scope 41

- methodology 40 production

- energy efficient 121ff. program

- organizing 97

- planning 97

- preparing 97 profitability 143

project design document (PDD) 74 project design phase 74 1,3-propanediol (PDO) 430 protein

- functionalized chemical 438 pump 275

- centrifugal 226ff., 275

- reciprocating 278 pump selection chart 276 purification 179

PVC 70

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