Energy Efficient Utility Generation and Distribution 351

Power Efficiency Guide

Ultimate Guide to Power Efficiency

Get Instant Access

Carlos Augusto Arentz Pereira

10.1 Characteristics 351

10.1.1 Use of Utilities 351

10.1.2 Quality 352

10.1.3 Energy Exchange 353

10.1.4 Investment and Operational Costs 354

10.1.5 Energy Efficiency 354

10.2 Common Utilities 355 10.2.1 Steam 355

10.2.2 Electrical Power 356

10.2.3 Water 356

10.2.3.1 Industrial Water 357

10.2.3.2 Cooling Water 357

10.2.3.3 Boiler Water 358

10.2.3.4 Condensate 360

10.2.4 Air 361

10.2.4.1 Cooling 362

10.2.4.2 Instrument Air 362

10.2.4.3 Service Air 363

10.3 Generating Systems 363

10.3.1 Power Cycles 363

10.3.2 Main Pieces of Equipment 369

10.3.2.1 Boilers 369

10.3.2.2 Gas Turbines 371

10.3.2.3 Steam Turbines 372

10.3.3 Ancillary Systems 373

10.4 Utility Units 374

10.4.1 Steam Generation 374

10.4.2 Power Generation 375

10.4.3 Water Treatment 376

10.4.4 Cooling Units 376

10.4.5 Ancillary Systems 377

10.5 Distributing Systems 378

10.5.1 Pipes 378

10.5.1.1 Steam 378

10.5.1.2 Condensate 380

10.5.1.3 Water 381

10.5.2 Wiring 381

10.5.2.1 Phase 382

10.5.2.2 Frequency 382

10.5.2.3 Power Factor 382

10.5.2.4 Voltage and Current 383

10.6 Design Aspects 383

10.6.1 Availability 384

10.6.2 Technology 384

10.6.3 Integration with Process 384

10.7 Operational and Maintenance Aspects 385

10.7.1 Stability 385

10.7.2 Safety 385

10.7.3 Reliability 386

10.7.4 Efficiency 386

10.8 Approach and Literatur 387 Further Reading 387

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Guide to Alternative Fuels

Guide to Alternative Fuels

Your Alternative Fuel Solution for Saving Money, Reducing Oil Dependency, and Helping the Planet. Ethanol is an alternative to gasoline. The use of ethanol has been demonstrated to reduce greenhouse emissions slightly as compared to gasoline. Through this ebook, you are going to learn what you will need to know why choosing an alternative fuel may benefit you and your future.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment