One essential module in the CCS process chain is the transportation of the captured carbon [dioxide] to the CO2 storage site. Many discussions of CCS technology give CO2 transportation low priority or even ignore it altogether. In most projects, however, there will be a greater or lesser distance between the capture and the sequestration sites. This being so, CO2 transport plays a key role in the implementation of a CCS project. CO2 transport crucially determines:
• the technical steps, as well as the expenditure on equipment and energy consumption for carbon capture and for the conditioning and preparation of the CO2;
• the handling of all operating conditions and the associated technical outlays;
• costs and economic efficiency, that is, commercial feasibility;
• the efficiency ofCO2 reduction and, hence, effective CO2 avoidance;
• the implementability of a CCS project in view of local circumstances. For transporting CO2, there are various possibilities:
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