Characteristics

Functions in industries can be broken down into core and supporting roles. Core function is the actual transformation and production, which is the business of the plant. However, a real industry cannot operate by performing only core functions. It requires an infrastructure to supply resources, known as utilities, like steam; process, service and cooling water; instrument, service and cooling air; fuels; electricity; wastewater treatment; air emissions treatment; any heating or cooling service like air conditioning etc. Here, focus is on services that interact direct or indirectly with the production function, influencing and being influenced by it. To understand how this influence occurs, it is necessary to analyze the form in which these utilities are employed by the production process.

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