Risks for the longterm energy supply

The continuous growth in demand raises the question of the availability of energy in the long term, in sufficient quantities to avoid a major crisis,

Gtoe 20

Q Renewables

Nuclear K Natural gas

17.1

14.1

Q Renewables

Nuclear K Natural gas

17.1

14.1

1980

2006

2010

2015

2030

Figure 2.2 Trend in primary energy supply (Source: IEA)

1980

2006

2010

2015

2030

Figure 2.2 Trend in primary energy supply (Source: IEA)

bearing in mind that most of the energy comes from resources which, by definition, are limited. As already mentioned in the previous chapter, energy supplies currently rely mainly on fossil fuels, which represent slightly over 80% of the primary energy consumed worldwide. According to the IEA reference scenario, this proportion is expected to remain stable until 2030 (Figure 2.2). It is true that fossil energy resources will not be depleted in the short term. If consumption continues at the current rate, the proven reserves represent about 40 years for oil, 64 years for natural gas and almost 150 years for coal [8, 84, 86].

Uncertainties nevertheless affect the energy supplies, oil in particular. Reserves are being consumed faster than they are renewed: currently, only one-third of the proven reserves consumed on a global scale is renewed every year. Oil production will therefore inevitably reach a ceiling before starting to decline. This point is examined in more detail in Chapter 7.

End of Days Apocalypse

End of Days Apocalypse

This work on 2012 will attempt to note them allfrom the concepts andinvolvement by the authors of the Bible and its interpreters and theprophecies depicted in both the Hopi petroglyphs and the Mayan calendarto the prophetic uttering of such psychics, mediums, and prophets asNostradamus, Madame Blavatsky, Edgar Cayce, and Jean Dixon.

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