THE cRYosPHERE Further Reading

Gosnell, M. (2005). Ice: The Nature, the History, and the Uses of an Astonishing Substance. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 560 pp.

Slaymaker, O., and R.E.J. Kelly (2007). The Cryosphere and Global Environmental Change. Blackwell Publishing, Mal-den, MA, 261 pp.

United Nations Environment Programme (2007). Global Outlook for Ice and Snow. 238 pp. Available at: http://www .unep.org/geo/geo_ice/.

Recent reviews of Antarctica and Greenland provide well-illustrated and detailed assessments of these dominant features in the global cryosphere:

AMAP (2009). The Greenland Ice Sheet in a Changing Climate: Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA) (D. Dahl-iensen, J. Bamber, C.E. Beiggild, et al.). Arctic

Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway, 115 pp.

Turner, J., R.A. Bindschadler, P. Convey, et al. (2009). Antarctic Climate Change and the Environment. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, UK.

Extensive cryospheric metadata, data, and summary reports are available at the U.S. National Snow and Ice Data Center: http://nsidc.org/index.html.

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