Further Reading

Review papers by Cooper et al. (1994) and Zachos et al. (2001) provide insight into the Cenozoic evolution of climate and the history of the Antarctic ice sheet. The text by Imbrie and Imbrie (1979) offers a splendid account of glacial-interglacial cycles, unusual in its capacity to blend scientific detail with readability. Hemming's (2004) review article describes the paleoceanographic record of Heinrich events in great detail (see chapter 8), and the American Geophysical Union monograph edited by Clark et al. (1999) contains a good collection of research on millennial-scale climate and cryospheric variability during glacial periods.

There is a large body of literature documenting recent cryospheric change. The IPCC reports contain comprehensive summary information on cryospheric trends and rates of change (Lemke et al., 2007, listed in chapter 1). The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA, 2004) and the UNEP report on the state of the cryosphere also provide detailed reviews, and AMAP (2009) provides an update for the Greenland Ice Sheet (see chapter 1). Arctic Council assessments of other aspects of the Arctic cryo-sphere are forthcoming as part of the Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA) effort.

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (2004). Impacts of a Warming Arctic: Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Clark, P.U., R.S. Webb, and L.D. Keigwin, eds. (1999). Mechanisms of Global Change at Millennial Time Scales. Geophysical Monograph. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, 394 pp.

Cooper, A.K., P.F. Barker, P.-N. Webb, and G. Brancolini (1994). The Antarctic continental margin—the Cenozoic record of glaciation, paleoenvironments and sea-level change. Terra Antarctica, 1/2, 236-480.

Imbrie, J., and K.P. Imbrie (1979). Ice Ages: Solving the Mystery. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 224 pp.

Zachos, J., M. Pagani, L. Sloan, E. Thomas, and K. Billups (2001). Trends, rhythms, and aberrations in global climate 65 Ma to present. Science, 292 (5517), 686-693.

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