AAU Assigned Amount Unit

AIJ Activities Implemented Jointly

BA British Airways

BP British Petroleum

CCB CCBA standards

CCBA Climate Community and Biodiversity Alliance

CCX Chicago Climate Exchange

CDCF Community Development Carbon Fund

CDM Clean Development Mechanism

CDP Carbon Disclosure Project

CERES Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies

CERs Certified Emissions Reductions

CFC chlorofluorocarbon

CFL compact fluorescent light

CICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental

Research - Oslo

CO2 carbon dioxide

CO2e CO2 equivalent

COP Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC

CSR Corporate Social Resposibility

DEFRA Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

DNA Designated National Authority

DNV Det Norske Veritas

DOE Designated Operational Entity

ERU Emission Reduction Unit

EU European Union

EU ETS Emissions Trading Scheme

EUA European Union Allowance

FACE Forests Absorbing Carbon Emissions

FERN Forests and the European Union Resource Network

FSC Forestry Stewardship Council

GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

G77 Group of developing countries (originally 77 that signed a declaration in 1964)

G8 Group of eight countries - Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States

GCC Global Climate Coalition

GDP Gross Domestic Product

GEF Global Environment Facility

GHG greenhouse gas

GM genetically modified

GNP Gross National Product

GWP Global Warming Potential

HFC hydrofluorocarbon

ICCR Interfaith Centre for Corporate Responsibility

IEA International Energy Agency

IETA International Emissions Trading Association

IMF International Monetary Fund

IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

ISO International Organization for Standardization

JI Joint Implementation

LFG landfill gas

LULUCF Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry

MDG Millennium Development Goal

NAFTA North American Free Trade Area

NGO Non-governmental Organisation

N2O nitrous oxide

ODA Official Development Assistance

OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and


PCF Prototype Carbon Fund

PDD Project Design Document

PEMEX Petroleos Mexicanos

PP Project Participant

PR public relations

REDD Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest


RGGI Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative

SEC Securities and Exchange Commission (US government)

List of abbreviations xv

SME Small and Medium Enterprises

SGS Société Générale de Surveillance

SO2 sulphur dioxide

SRI Socially Responsible Investment

SUV Sports Utility Vehicle

UK United Kingdom

UN United Nations

UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNDP United Nations Development Programme

UNEP United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP FI United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative

UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

UNICE Union of Industrial Employers' Confederations in Europe

UNICEF United Nations International Children's

Emergency Fund

USA United States of America

VCS Voluntary Carbon Standard

VCU Voluntary Carbon Unit

VCM Voluntary Carbon Market

VER Verified Emissions Reductions

WBCSD World Business Council for Sustainable Development

WMO World Meteorological Organization

WRI World Resources Institute

WTO World Trade Organization

WWF World Wide Fund for Nature

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