Abbreviations

Btu:

British thermal unit

GJ:

gigajoule

Gt C:

gigatonnes of carbon

GWh:

gigawatt hour

J:

joule

kcal:

kilocalorie

kg:

kilogramme

kt:

thousand tonnes

ktoe:

thousand tonnes of oil equivalent

kWh:

kilowatt hour

MJ:

megajoule

Mt:

million tonnes

Mtoe:

million tonnes of oil equivalent

m :

cubic metre

PJ:

petajoule

t:

metric ton = tonne = 1 GGG kg

t C:

tonne of carbon

Tcal:

teracalorie

TJ:

terajoule

toe:

tonne of oil equivalent = 107 kcal

CEF:

carbon emission factor

CHP:

combined heat and power

GCV:

gross calorific value

GDP:

gross domestic product

HHV:

higher heating value = GCV

LHV:

lower heating value = NCV

NCV:

net calorific value

PPP:

purchasing power parity

TPES:

total primary energy supply

AGBM:

Ad Hoc Group on the Berlin Mandate under the United Nations Framework

Convention on Climate Change

AIJ:

Activities Implemented Jointly under the United Nations Framework Convention

on Climate Change

Annex I:

See Chapter 4, Geographical coverage

Annex II:

See Chapter 4, Geographical coverage

CDM:

Clean Development Mechanism

Convention:

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

COP:

Conference of the Parties to the Convention

EITs:

Economies in Transition (see Chapter 4, Geographical coverage)

IEA:

International Energy Agency

IPCC:

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

OECD:

Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

OLADE:

Organización Latino Americana De Energía

SBI:

Subsidiary Body for Implementation

SBSTA:

Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice

TCA:

Technology Co-operation Agreement

UN:

United Nations

UNECE:

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

UNFCCC:

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

..

not available

-

nil

x

not applicable

+

growth greater than 1 000%

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