Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is one of the most commonly used white pigments. The main use is in paint manufacture followed by paper, plastics, rubber, ceramics, fabrics, floor covering, printing ink, and other miscellaneous uses (Austin, 1984; Lowenheim and Moran, 1975). Given production of around 4 million tonnes of TiO2, and the substantial use of the chloride route, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are likely to be significant and need to be accounted for in greenhouse gas inventories. Global production by the chloride route has increase approximately eight fold since 1970 whilst sulphate route production has been relatively stable (Kirk-Othmer, 1999; p. 2017). Note that in the discussion, titanium dioxide products are referred to generically as titanium dioxide unless there is a need to make a distinction between the products. The discussion applies to titanium slag, synthetic rutile (>90 percent TiO2) and rutile TiO2.
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Your Alternative Fuel Solution for Saving Money, Reducing Oil Dependency, and Helping the Planet. Ethanol is an alternative to gasoline. The use of ethanol has been demonstrated to reduce greenhouse emissions slightly as compared to gasoline. Through this ebook, you are going to learn what you will need to know why choosing an alternative fuel may benefit you and your future.