HFCs PFCs SF6 and other halogenated gases

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CO2 equivalent conversion factors (1) [Source of the factor:_]_

Emissions in original mass unit (tonne)

2C3 Aluminium Production (3)

(information) Reduced amount (

2C4 Magnesium Production (

(information) Reduced amount

2C7 Other Metals (please specify)

(information) Reduced amount ('

Emissions in CO2 equivalent unit (Gg-CO2)

2C3 Aluminium Production

2C4 Magnesium Production

2C7 Other (please specify) (

(1) Typically, global warming potential (100 year time horizon) identified in the IPCC Assessment Report can be used. The source of the factors must be specified in the bracket.

(2) Insert additional columns if necessary. The other halogenated gases for which the CO2 equivalent conversion factor is not available should not be included in this table. Such gases should be reported in Table 2.11 IPPU background table: Greenhouse Gases without CO2 equivalent conversion factors.

(3) Enter the reported emissions (adjusted with captured and/or reduced amount).

(4) Enter the quantities of reduction of generated gas (emission recovery, destruction, etc.).

(5) Insert additional rows if necessary.

Note: Where information is confidential the entries should provide aggregate figures but there should be a note indicating this in the documentation box below.

Table 2.5 IPPU Background Table: 2D Non-Energy Products from Fuels and Solvent Use

CO2, CH4 and N2O

Table 2.5 IPPU Background Table: 2D Non-Energy Products from Fuels and Solvent Use

CO2, CH4 and N2O

Categories

Activity Data

Emissions

Production/Consumption quantity

CO2

CH4

N2O

Description

Quantity

Unit

(Gg)

(Gg)

(Gg)

2D Non-Energy Products from Fuels and Solvent Use

2D1 Lubricant Use

Lubricant consumption

tonne

2D2 Paraffin Wax Use

Wax consumption

tonne

2D3 Solvent Use

2D4 Other

Product (please specify)

Product (please specify)

Product (please specify) (1)

(1) Insert additional rows if necessary.

(1) Insert additional rows if necessary.

Documentation box:

Table 2.6 IPPU Background Table: 2E Electronics Industry

HFCs, PFCs, SF6 NF3 and other halogenated gases

Table 2.6 IPPU Background Table: 2E Electronics Industry

HFCs, PFCs, SF6 NF3 and other halogenated gases

Categories

o

z

HFC-23

HFC-32

Other HFCs (3) (please specify)

Total HFCs

o

o

o

c-

Other PFCs (3) (please specify)

S

z

Other halogenated gases 131 (please specify)

CO2 equivalent conversion factors 111 [Source of the factor: ]

Emissions in original mass unit (tonne)

2E Electronics Industry

2E1 Integrated Circuit or Semiconductor

2E2 TFT Flat Panel Display

2E3 Photovoltaics

2E4 Heat Transfer Fluid

2E5 Other (please specify) (4)

Emissions in CO2 equivalent unit (Gg-CO2

2E Electronics Industry

2E1 Integrated Circuit or Semiconductor

2E2 TFT Flat Panel Display

2E3 Photovoltaics

2E4 Heat Transfer Fluid

2E5 Other (please specify) (3)

(1) Typically, global warming potential (100 year time horizon) identified in the IPCC Assessment Report can be used. The source of the factors must be specified in the bracket.

(2) Emissions may occur but no methodological guidance is provided in these Guidelines.

(3) Insert additional columns if necessary. The other halogenated gases for which the CO2 equivalent conversion factor is not available should not be included in this table. Such gases should be reported in Table 2.11 IPPU background table: Greenhouse gases without CO2 equivalent conversion factors.

(4) Insert additional rows if necessary.

Note: Where information is confidential the entries should provide aggregate figures but there should be a note indicating this in the documentation box below.

Documentation box:

Table 2.7 IPPU Background Table: 2F Product Uses as Substitutes for Ozone

Depleting Substances HFCs, PFCs and other halogenated gases

Table 2.7 IPPU Background Table: 2F Product Uses as Substitutes for Ozone

Depleting Substances HFCs, PFCs and other halogenated gases

Categories

o

HFC-23

HFC-32

HFC-125

HFC-134a

HFC-143a

HFC-152a

HFC-227ea

HFC-236fa

HFC-245fa

HFC-365mfc

HFC-43-10mee

Other HFCs (3) (please specify)

Total HFCs

O

O

Other PFCs (3) (please specify)

Total PFCs

Other halogenated gases (3) (please specify)

CO2 equivalent conversion factors(1) [Source of the factor: ]

Emissions in original mass unit (tonne)

2F Product Uses as Substitutes for Ozone Depleting Substances

2F1 Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

2F1a Refrigeration and Stationary Air Conditioning

2F1b Mobile Air Conditioning

2F2 Foam Blowing Agents

2F3 Fire Protection

2F4 Aerosols

2F5 Solvents

Applications(4)

Emissions in CO2 equivalent unit (Gg-CO2

2F Product Uses as Substitutes for Ozone Depleting Substances

2F1 Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

2F1a Refrigeration and Stationary Air Conditioning

2F1b Mobile Air Conditioning

2F2 Foam Blowing Agents

2F3 Fire Protection

2F4 Aerosol

2F5 Solvents

Applications(4)

(1) Typically, global warming potential (100 year time horizon) identified in the IPCC Assessment Report can be used. The

(1) Typically, global warming potential (100 year time horizon) identified in the IPCC Assessment Report can be used. The source of the factors must be specified in the bracket.

(2) Emissions may occur but no methodological guidance is provided in these Guidelines.

(3) Insert additional columns if necessary. The other halogenated gases for which the CO2 equivalent conversion factor is not available should not be included in this table. Such gases should be reported in Table 2.11 IPPU background table: Greenhouse gases without CO2 equivalent conversion factors.

(4) Insert additional rows if necessary.

Note: Where information is confidential the entries should provide aggregate figures but there should be a note indicating this in the documentation box below.

Documentation box:

Table 2.8 IPPU Background Table: 2G (2G1, 2G2, 2G4) Other Product Manufacture and Use - PFCs, SF6 and other halogenated gases

Categories

O

O

c-

O

O

Other PFCs '2' 'please specify'

S

Other halogenated gases '2' (please specify'

CO2 equivalent conversion factors'1' [Source of the factor: ]

Emissions in original mass unit (tonne)

2G Other Product Manufacture and Use

2G1 Electrical Equipment

2G1a Manufacture of Electrical Equipment (3)

(information) Reduced amount (4)

2G1b Use of Electrical Equipment (3)

(information) Reduced amount (4)

2G1c. Disposal of Electrical Equipment (3)

(information) Reduced amount (4)

2G2 SF6 and PFCs from Other Product Uses

2G2a Military Applications (3)

(information) Reduced amount (4)

2G2b Accelerators (3)

University and Research Particle Accelerators (3)

(information) Reduced amount (4)

Industrial and Medical Particle Accelerators (3)

(information) Reduced amount (4)

2G2c Other (please specify) (3) (5)

(information) Reduced amount (4) (5)

2G4 Other (please specify) (3X (5X (6)

(information) Reduced amount (4) , (5) (6)

Emissions in CO2 equivalent unit (Gg-CO2)

2G Other Product Manufacture and Use

2G1 Electrical Equipment

2G1a Manufacture of Electrical Equipment

2G1b Use of Electrical Equipment

2G1c Disposal of Electrical Equipment

2G2 SF6 and PFCs from Other Product Uses

2G2a Military Applications (AWACS)

2G2b Accelerators

University and Research Particle Accelerators

Industrial and Medical Particle Accelerators

2G2c Other (please specify) (5)

2G4 Other (please specify) (5X (6)

(1) Typically, global warming potential (100 year time horizon) identified in the IPCC Assessment Report can be used. The source of the factors must be specified in the bracket.

(1) Typically, global warming potential (100 year time horizon) identified in the IPCC Assessment Report can be used. The source of the factors must be specified in the bracket.

(2) Insert additional columns if necessary. The other halogenated gases for which the CO2 equivalent conversion factor is not available should not be included in this table. Such gases should be reported in Table 2.11 IPPU background table: Greenhouse gases without CO2 equivalent conversion factors.

(3) Enter the reported emissions (adjusted with captured and/or reduced amount).

(4) Enter the quantities of reduction of generated gas (emission recovery, destruction, etc.)

(5) Insert additional rows if necessary.

(6) If HFCs with CO2 equivalent conversion factor are estimated, include them in the column for "Other halogenated gases". Note: Where information is confidential the entries should provide aggregate figures but there should be a note indicating this in the documentation box below.

Documentation box:

Table 2.9 IPPU Background Table: 2G (2G3, 2G4) Other Product Manufacture and Use - N2O, CO2, CH4,

Categories

Activity Data

Emissions

N2O (Gg)

CO2

(Gg)

CH4

Gg)

Description

Quantity

Unit

Emissions (1)

(information) Reduction (2)

Emissions (1)

(information) Reduction (2)

Emissions (1)

(information) Reduction (2)

2G3 N2O from Product Uses

2G3a Medical Applications

N2O supplied

tonne

2G3b Propellant for Pressure and Aerosol Products

N2O supplied

tonne

2G3c Other (please specify) (3)

N2O supplied

tonne

2G4 Other (please specify) (3)

(1) Enter the reported emissions (adjusted with captured and/or reduced amount).

(2) Enter the quantities of reduction of generated gas (emission recovery, destruction, etc.)

(3) Insert additional rows if necessary.

Documentation box:

Table 2.10 IPPU Background Table: 2H Other

Categories

Activity Data

Emissions

CO2 (Gg)

CH4

(Gg)

N2O (Gg)

Quantity

Unit

Emissions 111

(information) Reduction (2)

Emissions (1)

(information) Reduction (2)

Emissions 111

(information) Reduction (2)

2H Other

2H1 Pulp and Paper Industry

2H2 Food and Beverages Industry

2H3 Other (please specify) (3)

(1) Enter the reported emissions (adjusted with captured and/or reduced amount).

(2) Enter the quantities of reduction of generated gas (emission recovery, destruction, etc.).

(3) Insert additional rows if necessary.

Documentation box:

Table 2.11 IPPU Background Table: Greenhouse gases without CO2 equivalent conversion factors

Table 2.11 IPPU Background Table: Greenhouse gases without CO2 equivalent conversion factors

Categories

(please specify)

(please specify)

(please specify)

(please specify)

(please specify) (1)

Emissions in original mass unit (tonne)

Total

2B Chemical Industry

2B9 Fluorochemical Production

2B9a By-product Emissions

2B9b Fugitive Emissions

2B10 Other (please specify) (2)

2C Metal Industry

2C4 Magnesium Production

2C7 Other (please specify) (2)

2E Electronics Industry

2E1 Integrated Circuit or Semiconductor

2E2 TFT Flat Panel Display

2E3 Photovoltaics

2E4 Heat Transfer Fluid

2E5 Other (please specify) (2)

2F Product Uses as Substitutes for Ozone Depleting Substances

2F1 Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

2F1a Refrigeration and Stationary Air Conditioning

2F1b Mobile Air Conditioning

2F2 Foam Blowing Agents

2F3 Fire Protection

2F4 Aerosols

2F5 Solvents

2F6 Other Applications (please specify) (2)

2G. Other Product Uses

2G1 Electrical Equipment

2G1a Manufacture of Electrical Equipment

2G1b Use of Electrical Equipment

2G1c Disposal of Electrical Equipment

2G2 SF6 and PFCs from Other Product Uses

2G2a Military Applications (AWACS)

2G2b Accelerators

2G2c Other (please specify)(2)

2G4 Other (please specify)(2)

(1) Insert additional columns if necessary. The gases for which the CO2 equivalent conversion factor is available should not be included in this table. Such gases should be reported in the respective sectoral background tables and included in national totals.

(2) Insert additional rows if necessary.

Note: Where information is confidential the entries should provide aggregate figures but there should be a note indicating this in the documentation box below.

Documentation box:

Table 2.12 IPPU Background Table: Allocation of CO2 emissions from Non-

Energy Use of fossil fuels: IPPU and other __sectors [See also section 1.4 of Volume 3.]

Table 2.12 IPPU Background Table: Allocation of CO2 emissions from Non-

Category

Reported in year:

Notes

Primary NEU fuel (1)

Other NEU fuel(s) (1)

Emissions Amount Reported in IPPU Sector

(Gg|

In case reported elsewhere: Sub-category in 1A where these emissions are (partly) reported

2 Industrial Processes and Product Use

2A Mineral Industry

(Please specify the sub-category) | (coal, ..) | | | | 4

2B Chemical Industry

2B1 Ammonia Production

natural gas

oil, coal

2B5 Carbide Production

pet coke

oil

2B6 Titanium Dioxide Production

coal

2B8 Petrochemical and Carbon Black Production

2B8a Methanol

natural gas

coal, oil

5

2B8b Ethylene

naphtha

gas oil; butane, ethane, propane, LPG

5

2B8f Carbon Black

natural gas

oil, coke oven gas

2B10 Other

2C Metal Industry

2C1 Iron and Steel Production

coke

coal, pet coke (carbon electrode)

6

2C2 Ferroalloys Production

(carbon electrode)

coke, coal

7

2C3 Aluminium Production

(carbon electrode)

coke, coal

7

2C5 Lead Production

coke

2C6 Zinc Production

coke

2C7 Other

(carbon electrode)

coke, coal

2D Non-Energy Products from Fuels and Solvent Use

2D1 Lubricant Use

lubricants

greases

2D2 Paraffin Wax Use

waxes

2D3 Solvent Use

(mineral turpentine)

coal tars and oils

8

2D4 Other

9

2H Other

2H1 Pulp and Paper Industry

2H2 Food and Beverages Industry

coke

2H3 Other

1 ENERGY

1A Fuel Combustion Activities

Reported in Sector 1A (3

1A1a Main Activity Electricity and Heat Production

(BF gas)

(chemical off-gases)

10

1A1b Petroleum Refining

1A1c Manufacture of Solid Fuels and Other Energy Industries

BF gas

1A2 Manufacturing Industries and Construction

(BF gas)

(lubricants, chemical offgases))

(1) The columns 'Primary NEU fuel' and 'Other NEU fuel' should be completed with the actual fuel types used.

(2) These are the same emissions reported in the sectoral background table (also the same emissions notation keys NE, NO, IE, where applicable). If (partly) reported elsewhere, a reference to that other source category should be added in the next column.

(3) Report here only the CO2 emissions from combustion of waste gases produced from industrial processes but used for fuel combustion in other economic sectors and reported in the Energy sector.(e.g. from combustion of blast furnace gas or chemical off-gases transferred offsite to another source category).

(4) For example powdered anthracite coal may be used in Glass Production (2A3).

(5) In cases where the production of off-gases (i.e. byproduct gases) is fully accounted for in the energy statistics, the combustion of these gases may be used to calculate and report CO2 emissions from the feedstock losses. Part of these off-gases may be combusted off-site (i.e. in a sector other than the petrochemical industry) and should thus be accounted for separately as fuel combustion in the Energy Sector.

(6) Part of the blast furnace gas produced from coke used in blast furnaces may be combusted off-site (i.e. in a sector other than the iron and steel industry) and should thus be accounted for separately as fuel combustion in the Energy Sector.

(7) Carbon electrodes are generally manufactured from coke, coal or tar either on-site by the users themselves or separately by anode production plants and then sold to users domestically and/or exported. If anodes are also imported and/or exported, there is no direct correspondence between fuels used for anode production and the amounts of anodes used in the country.

(8) Mineral turpentines are often used as solvent, possibly blended with other liquids. Aromatics derived from coal oils may also be used as solvents.

(9) Emissions from asphalt production, paving of roads and roofing should be reported under 2D4. However, bitumen - and other oil as diluent or 'road oil' - used for this activity does not result in CO2 emissions.

(10) CO2 from blast furnace gas and chemical off-gases should be reported here only when utilised in public power or heat production.

Documentation box:

Table 3 AFOLU Sectoral Table (1 of 2)

Categories

Net CO2 emissions/ removals

Emissions

CH4

N2O

NOx

CO

NMVOCs

(Gg)

3 AFOLU

3A Livestock

3A1 Enteric Fermentation

3A1a Cattle

3A1ai Dairy Cows

3A1 aii Other Cattle

3A1 b Buffalo

3A1c Sheep

3A1d Goats

3A1e Camels

3A1f Horses

3A1g Mules and Asses

3A1 h Swine

3A1j Other (please specify)

3A2 Manure Management 111

3A2a Cattle

3A2ai Dairy Cows

3A2aii Other Cattle

3A2b Buffalo

3A2c Sheep

3A2d Goats

3A2e Camels

3A2f Horses

3A2g Mules and Asses

3A2h Swine

3A2i Poultry

3A2j Other (please specify)

3B Land

3B1 Forest Land

3B1a Forest Land Remaining Forest Land

3B1b Land Converted to Forest Land

3B1bi Cropland Converted to Forest Land

3B1bii Grassland Converted to Forest Land

3B1biii Wetlands Converted to Forest Land

3B1biv Settlements Converted to Forest Land

3B1bv Other Land Converted to Forest Land

3B2 Cropland

3B2a Cropland Remaining Cropland

3B2b Land Converted to Cropland

3B2bi Forest Land Converted to Cropland

3B2bii Grassland Converted to Cropland

3B2biii Wetlands Converted to Cropland

3B2biv Settlements Converted to Cropland

3B2bv Other Land Converted to Cropland

3B3 Grassland

3B3a Grassland Remaining Grassland

3B3b Land Converted to Grassland

3B3bi Forest Land Converted to Grassland

3B3bii Cropland Converted to Grassland

3B3biii Wetlands Converted to Grassland

3B3biv Settlements Converted to Grassland

3B3bv Other Land Converted to Grassland

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Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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