Tables

1.1. A general comparison of global characteristics of soils, freshwater sediments, and marine sediments 2

1.2. A comparison of the biodiversity (described species) in soil and marine sediments 5

1.3. Examples of the diverse biota within functional groups are listed for a few ecosystem processes that are similar in soils and sediments 5

1.4. Ecosystem services provided by soil and sediment biota 9

2.1. Total estimated economic benefits of biodiversity with special attention to the services that soil organism activities provide worldwide 16

2.2. Provision of goods and services in a temperate grassland ecosystem 25

2.3. Provision of goods and services in temperate unmanaged and managed forest ecosystems 28

2.4. Provision of goods and services in non-tilled and tilled temperate arable land ecosystems 31

3.1a. Positive ecosystem service rankings for managed and unmanaged lakes 48

3.1b. Positive ecosystem service rankings for rivers and waterways 49

3.1c. Positive ecosystem service rankings for managed and unmanaged wetlands 51

3.1d. Positive ecosystem service rankings for groundwater and abstraction 52

3.1e. Positive ecosystem service rankings for prairie floodplain and drained wetlands 53

4.1. Goods and services provided by sedimentary systems 74

4.2a. The provisioning of goods and services for estuaries 78

4.2b. The provisioning of goods and services for shelf sediment ecosystems 81

4.2c. The provisioning of goods and services for deep-sea sediment ecosystems 84

5.1. Vulnerability matrix, showing how different global change drivers have effects on the belowground subsystem that may be manifested at different spatial scales 103

5.A1. Vulnerability of ecosystem goods and services in arable tilled ecosystems provided by the soil biota to three agents of global change: invasive species, climate change, and land-use change 121

5.A2. Vulnerability of ecosystem goods and services in unmanaged grassland ecosystems provided by the soil biota to three agents of global change: invasive species, climate change, and land-use change 126

5.A3. Vulnerability of ecosystem goods and services in unmanaged forest ecosystems provided by the soil biota to three agents of global change: invasive species, climate change, and land-use change 132

7.1. Summary of major threats to marine sedimentary systems and the scales at which they are manifested 162

7.A1. Vulnerability of continental shelf ecosystem services and processes to perturbations 184

7.A2. Vulnerability of deep-sea ecosystem services and processes to various perturbations 186

7.A3. Vulnerability of estuarine ecosystems to various perturbations 188

8.1. Major functional groups of organisms found in soil and sediment environments 214

8.2. Life history traits: Definition and scope of categories 216

8.3. Functional groups involved in the provision of ecosystem services 218

8.4. Nutrient cycling in freshwater systems 219

9.1. Summary of consequences of deforestation on ecosystem services in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine domains 234

9.2. Net effects of deforestation on soil, freshwater, and marine domains 243

10.1. Threats to soil biodiversity and to their ability to provide critical ecosystem services 250

10.2. Below-surface connectivity and examples of similar ecosystem processes 252

Berry Boosters

Berry Boosters

Acai, Maqui And Many Other Popular Berries That Will Change Your Life And Health. Berries have been demonstrated to be some of the healthiest foods on the planet. Each month or so it seems fresh research is being brought out and new berries are being exposed and analyzed for their health giving attributes.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment