Appendix Table 5AI continued

Water Freedom System

Survive Global Water Shortages

Get Instant Access

Unmanaged (Arable Tilled)1 Goods Service and Services Rank Biotic Abiotic

Flood and -3 *** plant *** topography, erosion control8 cover, crop soil properties type (roots)

Fiber

** plant breeding, roots and residues

*** climate, tillage, soil type, fertilizer

Waste disposal/ bio-remediation

Biological control11

** decomposition, co-metabolism, build up of intermediate toxic products

** rotation, GMOs12, micro-food webs

** volatilization, water regime, soil properties, sequestration, incorporation by machinery

** pesticides, tillage

Perturbations

Invasive Species: Root Parasites2

Climate Change: Drought3

Net Net

Vulnerability Impact Vulnerability Impact land-Use Change: To Forest

Vulnerability Impact

3 [can lead to destruction of crop]

1 [dependent on rates of decomposition]

0 3 [abiotic controls, especially fallow practices, important7 drought-resistant plant breeds important10]

— 3 [abiotic controls, especially soil properties and fallow practices, most important; reduced NPP]

— / + 3 [dependent on soil type and pre-drought conditions]

1 [can cause shift from specific to generalist pests13]

0 [restoration of strong biotic control through change in root architecture, mycorrhizal associations and creation of biogenic structures]

3 [litter system developed; annual roots replaced by perennial; increased role for soil food web; change from bacterial to fungal-based food web6]

0 [no fundamental change in service, but change in rate and performed by different food web communities6]

0 [restoration of strong biotic control]

Recreation and other uses

Carbon sequestration

** odor, monoculture/ low landscape heterogeneity

* decomposition m erosion, topography seasonally bare land;

noise, air pollution, pesticides

** topography texture; nature of clay minerals; climate; soil structure

Trace gases and atmospheric regulation

fication, nitrification

** moisture regime, soil structure

Fuel 0 NA NA

Habitat -2 *** crops at *** topography, provision17 landscape level; soil properties management of field margins and riparian

* organic ** climate, matter, bacteria, parent material, fungi, roots erosion

2 [potential loss of landscape features through erosion, increase in bare land and salinization]

1 [increased pesticide use]

0-1 [dependent -on changes in rate of decomposition]

0 [dependent - / + on whether other biotic factors affected]

NA NA

0-3 [dependent - / + on soil type and pre-parasite conditions]

0-1 [dependent - / +15 on abiotic factors, irrigation, vulnerability to fire]

0-3 [dependent - / + 19 on soil type and pre-drought conditions]

0 [dependent +

on forest type and management14]

0 [dependent on + forest type16, litter quality and quantity, humification and sequestration in biogenic structures]

0 [dependent on + litter quality and quantity and nitrifi-ers, denitrifyers, methane oxidizers]

NA NA

habitat heterogeneity; extent of change dependent on forest type and forest management18]

0 [dependent on + litter quality20 and quantity, humification and sequestration in biogenic structures]

0 [biotic activity slowed, thus decrease in production of trace gases]

1 [negative impact on field margins and riparian areas]

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Berry Boosters

Berry Boosters

Acai, Maqui And Many Other Popular Berries That Will Change Your Life And Health. Berries have been demonstrated to be some of the healthiest foods on the planet. Each month or so it seems fresh research is being brought out and new berries are being exposed and analyzed for their health giving attributes.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment