where u is the three-dimensional velocity vector, = njU is the total flux of particles arising from diffusion and advection, Ci is the net production rate arising from collisionally induced reactions, Pi is the net production rate from photolysis, Sei is the net production rate arising from surface emission processes and Sdi is the net loss rate from deposition processes at the Earth's surface.

The 1D continuity equation for species i at altitude z can be written as Bni 8Sj

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