10.10.1 Notes

A comprehensive description of information retrieval from satellite observations can be found in the book by Rodgers; see also Chahine. Observations by some recent state-of-the-art instruments are discussed by Aumann et al. (AIRS) and Ward (MODIS); see also Kondratyev et al.

The detection of climate change using satellite remote sensing is covered by Anderson et al., Goody et al., and two papers by Harries et al. Cloud-climate uncertainties are discussed in Rossow and Schiffer, and IPCC 2001. For the shrinking of the Arctic sea-ice cover see, for example, Johannessen et al.

10.10.2 References and further reading

Anderson, J. G., Dykema, J. A., Goody, R. M., Hu, H. and Kirk-Davidoff, D. B. (2002). Absolute spectrally resolved radiance: A benchmark for climate monitoring from space. J. Quant. Spect. Rad. Trans., 85, 367-383.

Aumann, H. H., Chahine, M. T., Gautier, C., Goldberg, M. D., Kalnay, E., McMillin, L., Revercomb, H., Rosenkranz, P. W., Smith, W. L., Staelin, D. H., Strow, L. L. and Susskind, J. (2003). AIRS/AMSU/HSB on the Aqua mission: Design, science objectives, data products, and processing systems. IEEE Trans. Geosci., Special Issue on EOS Aqua, 41, 2, 253-264.

Beer, R. (1992). Remote sensing by Fourier transform spectrometry. John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York.

Brindley, H. E. and Allan, R. P. (2003). Simulations of the effects of interannual and decadal variability on the clear-sky outgoing long-wave radiation spectrum. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 129, 2971-2988.

Brindley, H.E. and Harries, J. E. (2003). Observations of the infrared outgoing spectrum of the Earth from space: The effects of temporal and spatial sampling. J. Clim., 16, 3820-3833.

Chahine, M. T. (1972). A general relaxation method for inverse solution of the full radiative transfer equation. J. Atmos. Sc., 29, 741-747.

Goody, R. M. and Yung, Y. L. (1996). Atmospheric radiation: Theoretical basis. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Goody, R., Anderson, J. and North, G. (1998). Testing climate models: an approach. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 79, 2541-2549.

Harries, J., Brindley, H. and Geer, A. (1998). Climate variability and trends from operational satellite spectral data. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 3975-3978.

Harries, J., Brindley, H., Sagoo, P. and Bantges, R. (2001). Increases in greenhouse forcing inferred from the outgoing longwave spectra of the Earth in 1970 and 1997. Nature, 410, 355-357.

Hatzianastassiou, N., Katsoulis, B. and Vardavas, I. M. (2004a). Global distribution of aerosol direct radiative forcing in the ultraviolet and visible arising under clear skies. Tellus B, 56B, 51-71.

Hatzianastassiou, N., Katsoulis, V. and Vardavas, I. M. (2004b). Sensitivity analysis of aerosol direct radiative forcing in the ultraviolet-visible wavelengths and consequences for the heat budget. Tellus B, 56B, 368-381.

Hatzianastassiou, N., Matsoukas C., Fotiadi, A., Drakakis, E., Stackhouse Jr, P. W., Koepke, P., Pavlakis, K., Hatzidimitriou, D. and Vardavas I. M. (2006). Modelling the direct effect of aerosols in the near-infra-red on a planetary scale. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Disc., 6, 9151-9185.

Houghton, J. T., Taylor, F. W. and Rodgers, C. D. (1984). Remote sounding of atmospheres. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

IPCC, 2001: Climate change 2001: The scientific basis. Contribution of working group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Houghton, J.T., Ding, Y., Griggs, D.J., Noguer, M., van der Linden, P.J., Dai, X., Maskell, K. and Johnson, C.A. (ed.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.

Johannessen, O. M., Shalina, E. V. and Miles, M. W. (1999). Satellite evidence for an Arctic Sea ice cover in transformation. Science, 286, 1937-1939.

Koepke, P., Hess, M., Schult, I. and Shettle, E. P. (1997). Global aerosol data set. Report No 243, Max-Planck Institut für Meteorologie. Hamburg.

Kondratyev, K., Cracknell, A. P. and Kondratyev, K. Ya. (1997). Observing global climate change. Taylor & Francis, London.

Ramanathan, V., Crutzen, P. J., Kiehl, J. T. and Rosenfeld, D. (2001). Aerosols, climate and the hydrological cycle. Science, 294, (5549), 2119-2124.

Rodgers, C. D. (2000). Inverse methods for atmospheric sounding, theory and practice. Series on Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics, 2, World Scientific, New York.

Rossow, W. B. and Schiffer, R. A. (1999). Advances in understanding clouds from ISCCP. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 80, 2261-2287.

Stackhouse Jr, P. W., Cox, S. T., Gupta, S. K., Dipasquale, R. C. and Brown, D. R. (1999). The NCRP/GEWEX Surface Radiation Budget Project Release 2: First results at 1 degree resolution, paper presented at 10th Conference on Atmospheric Radiation: A Symposium with Tributes to the Works of Verner Suomi. Am. Met. Soc., Madison, Wisc.

Stephens, G. L. (1994). Remote sensing of the lower atmosphere. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Taylor, F. W. (2005). Elementary climate physics. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Ward, K. (1997). MODIS Technical Specifications.


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