E

Earth energy from 60-62, 61 orbital variations 72-76 rotation and Coriolis force 76-79, 77 surface temperature changes 21 earthquakes 44, 46, 53 Earth Summit (Rio de Janeiro, 1992) 177c eccentricity 73-74, 76 economics 126, 152 ecosystem climate forcing and 149-150 El Nino/upwelling and 88 hydrologic cycle and 34, 35 local atmospheric motions and 94 PDO and 115-116 trade winds and 86 EIA ([U.S.] Energy Information Administration) 38

electricity generation 34 electromagnetic spectrum/waves 16, 17, 62-63

El Niño 4, 84, 85-93, 86, 88-90 El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)

85-87 emissivity 62

Energy, U.S. Department of 38 energy balance 61-62, 85, 146-147,

167-168 energy flow 55-71

atmospheric energy 62-66, 63-65 Earth's energy 60-62, 61 global energy balance 66-69 rates of climate change 69-71 solar energy 55-60, 63 Energy Information Administration, U.S.

(EIA) 38 Energy Star 180c enhanced greenhouse effect 22, 23-24, 128, 176c

ENSO (El Niño-Southern Oscillation) 85-87

environmental disasters, man-made 132-138

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

37, 70, 135, 157-158, 177c equator 66, 76, 77, 79 erosion 53

Europe 118-120, 160, 179c evaporate deposits 50-51 evaporation 30, 34, 35 evapotranspiration 35 extratropical storm tracks 106 extreme weather events 88-89, 98-99,

105-109, 107, 108, 157 Exxon 127

Exxon Valdez accident 137, 137-138

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