C

Callendar, Guy S. 176c Canadell, Pep 32 cancer 133

cap and trade programs 179c carbon 4, 23, 28, 68-69 carbon balance 30-31 carbon cycle and biochemical cycles 29 and carbon sinks 36-40 and deforestation 23 links to other cycles 28-40 natural v. human amplification 30-34, 31-33

need for greater understanding of 174 carbon dioxide (CO2)

and advances in global warming research 126, 128 agriculture and 164-165 Svante Arrhenius's research 123-124

atmospheric increases since Industrial Revolution 12-13, 15, 22-23, 31-34 atmospheric levels (1800-1870) 175c atmospheric levels (projections for

2050) 26 and carbon cycle 30 and climate forcing 149 creation of 28

deforestation and 23, 163-164 delayed effect of changed concentrations 153, 168 earliest connections with global warming 123-124 and feedback 69 and glacial cycles 69 and increasing rates of climate change 69

and infrared radiation 58 and infrared spectroscopy 126 and interglacial periods 69 Charles Keeling's observations 15,

128, 176c and land use change 163-165 major polluters 163-167, 164 Mauna Lao Observatory monitoring of

13, 14, 15-16 in oceans 30, 36, 37, 112 for oil recovery 39 and polar position hypothesis 50 and seafloor spreading theory 51-53 seasonal change in Northern Hemisphere 36 and temperature change (1000-2000) 25

and uplift weathering hypothesis

53-54, 54 from volcanoes 60-61 and weathering 53 carbon sequestration 37-40 Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum

(CSLF) 38-39 carbon sinks 31-34, 36-40, 124 Carey, Hugh 135 Carter, Jimmy 135, 136 CERCLA (Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act) 134 CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) 57-59 Challenger Deep 46 Chamberlin, Thomas 124 Chernobyl nuclear disaster 132-133

China 166, 167, 179c chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) 57-59 circulation cell 95, 100, 107 climate as central element of life xv-xvi weather v. 2 climate atlas 106

climate change. See global warming climate cycles 6-7 climate feedback. See feedback climate forcing 47, 146-150, 148-150 climate forecasting 130-132 climate models 140, 148, 151-152. See also computer modeling climate patterns 112 Climate Prediction Center (CPC) 5, 118 climate system atmospheric structure 10-14, 11 climate cycles 6-7 components and response times

70-71 elements of 1-27, 4 global system concept 5-6 weather 2-3 Clinton, Bill and administration 163 clouds 62, 67-69, 80, 99, 103 CO2. See carbon dioxide coastal currents 114 cold front 98-99 Columbus, Christopher 82 Competitive Enterprise Institute 127 complexity, of climate modeling 151-152 Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) 134 computer modeling climate forcing as factor in 148 for climate forecasting 130-132 of clouds 68 of El NiƱo 93

human activity as factor in 13 limits of 151-152 of NAO 119

of trade wind history 83-84 conduction 63-65, 64, 95 continental drift 41-44, 42, 52 convection 45, 64, 64-66, 65, 95, 115 convection cells 45, 65 convergent plates 43-44, 46, 51-52 coral reefs 153

Coriolis, Gustave-Gaspard de 76, 78-79

Coriolis force 76-79, 77, 83, 114, 115 Cox, Peter 26

CPC. See Climate Prediction Center CSLF (Carbon Sequestration Leadership

Forum) 38-39 cumuliform clouds 103 cumulonimbus clouds 80, 99 cumulus clouds 99 cyanide 134-135

cyclones 98, 104, 108. See also tropical cyclones cyclonic circulation 107

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