Lichens as an Indicator of Climate and Global Change

Andre Aptroot

ABL Herbarium, Gerrit van der Veenstraat 107, NL 3762 XK Soest, The Netherlands

1. Introduction

2. Predicted Effects

3. Observed Effects

4. Uncertain Effects

5. Habitats with Vulnerable Lichens

5.1. Low Level Islands with Endemic Lichens

5.2. The Extended Regions with Similar Climate but Local Endemism

5.3. The (Ant )Arctic and Tundra Regions

5.4. High Ground in the Tropics 6. Conclusion

Acknowledgement References

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