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Will a certain food provide energy when utilized by microorganisms? If the answer is yes, then the food will be eaten; and if it is in a wastewater, the wastewater will be cleaned up. The answer to this question can now be quantified by the combination of the concept of enthalpy and entropy. This combination is summed up in a term called free energy. Free energy G is defined as

Because H is an energy content and S is a wasted energy, G represents the useful energy (or, alternatively, the maximum energy) the fuel can provide after the wasteful

energy (represented by S) has been subtracted from the energy content. Thus, the term free energy.

Biological processes are carried out at a given constant temperature as well as constant pressure. Thus, differentiating the free-energy equation at constant temperature, dG = dH - TdS = dH - Qrev (15.9)

Note: In order for G to be a maximum (i.e., to be a free energy), Q must be the Qrev as depicted in the equation.

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Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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